Correlates of adults' participation in physical activity : review and update

Trost, S.G., Owen, N., Bauman, A.E., Sallis, J.F., & Brown, W. (2002) Correlates of adults' participation in physical activity : review and update. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 34(12), pp. 1996-2001.

View at publisher



To review and update the evidence relating to the personal, social, and environmental factors associated with physical activity (PA) in adults.


Systematic review of the peer-reviewed literature to identify papers published between 1998 and 2000 with PA (and including exercise and exercise adherence). Qualitative reports or case studies were not included.


Thirty-eight new studies were located. Most confirmed the existence of factors already known to be correlates of PA. Changes in status were noted in relation to the influence of marital status, obesity, smoking, lack of time, past exercise behavior, and eight environmental variables. New studies were located which focused on previously understudied population groups such as minorities, middle and older aged adults, and the disabled.


The newly reported studies tend to take a broader “ecological” approach to understanding the correlates of PA and are more focused on environmental factors. There remains a need to better understand environmental influences and the factors that influence different types of PA. As most of the work in this field still relies on cross-sectional studies, longitudinal and intervention studies will be required if causal relationships are to be inferred.

Impact and interest:

1,164 citations in Scopus
Search Google Scholar™
1,047 citations in Web of Science®

Citation counts are sourced monthly from Scopus and Web of Science® citation databases.

These databases contain citations from different subsets of available publications and different time periods and thus the citation count from each is usually different. Some works are not in either database and no count is displayed. Scopus includes citations from articles published in 1996 onwards, and Web of Science® generally from 1980 onwards.

Citations counts from the Google Scholar™ indexing service can be viewed at the linked Google Scholar™ search.

ID Code: 71495
Item Type: Journal Article
Refereed: Yes
Additional Information: ISI Document Delivery No.: 624JV
Times Cited: 749
Cited Reference Count: 46
Trost, SG Owen, N Bauman, AE Sallis, JF Brown, W
Lippincott williams & wilkins
Keywords: determinants, exercise, literature review, demographic, psychological, social, environmental, planned behavior, leisure-time, self-efficacy, older adults, exercise, behavior, activity patterns, women, determinants, population, community
ISSN: 0195-9131
Divisions: Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Faculty of Health
Deposited On: 13 May 2014 04:02
Last Modified: 13 May 2014 04:03

Export: EndNote | Dublin Core | BibTeX

Repository Staff Only: item control page