Physical activity guidelines and preschooler's obesity status

Vale, S., Trost, S.G., Ruiz, J.J., Rêgo, C., Moreira, P., & Mota, J. (2013) Physical activity guidelines and preschooler's obesity status. International Journal of Obesity, 37(10), pp. 1352-1355.

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Abstract

Aim

The benefits of promoting physical activity (PA) in counteracting the high prevalence of childhood obesity have become increasingly important in the past decade. The aim of this study was to examine the association between compliance of daily PA recommendations and the risk of being overweight or obese in preschool-aged children.

Methods

The sample comprised 607 children aged 4–6 years, recruited from kindergartens located in the metropolitan area of Porto, Portugal. Preschooler’s body mass index was classified according to International Obesity Task Force. PA was assessed during 7 consecutive days by accelerometer. Children were classified as meeting or not meeting PA recommendations based on two guidelines: (i) at least 3 h per day of total PA (TPA); and (ii) at least 1 h per day of moderate to vigorous PA (MVPA).

Results

The prevalence of overweight and obesity was 23.5 and 10.6% in girls and 17.2 and 8.9% in boys. In all, 90.2 and 97.3% of girls met the 1 h MVPA and 3 h TPA recommendations, respectively. In all, 96.2 and 99.4% boys met the 1 h MVPA and 3 h TPA recommendations, respectively. Boys were significantly more likely to achieve the 1 h MVPA and 3 h TPA recommendations than girls (P0.001). Not meeting the 1 h MVPA guideline was associated with obesity status (OR: 3.8; IC: 1.3–10.4), in girls, but not boys. No other statistically significant associations were found.

Discussion

These findings suggest that over 90% of children met the recommended guidelines. There is an association with low levels of MVPA and higher obesity status among preschool girls. Further, longitudinal studies are needed to confirm these data.

Impact and interest:

10 citations in Scopus
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12 citations in Web of Science®

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ID Code: 71525
Item Type: Journal Article
Refereed: Yes
Additional Information: Cited By (since 1996):1
Export Date: 12 May 2014
Source: Scopus
CODEN: IJOBD
Additional URLs:
Keywords: accelerometer, body fat mass, guidelines, physical activity, preschool children, article, body composition, body mass, body weight, child, female, human, kindergarten, major clinical study, male, obesity, practice guideline, preschool child, priority journal
DOI: 10.1038/ijo.2013.109
ISSN: 0307-0565
Divisions: Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Faculty of Health
Deposited On: 13 May 2014 22:33
Last Modified: 15 May 2014 02:05

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