The relevance of shared experiences : a multi-level study of collective efficacy as a moderator of job control in the stressor-strain relationship
Tucker, Michelle, Jimmieson, Nerina L., & Oei, Tian P. (2013) The relevance of shared experiences : a multi-level study of collective efficacy as a moderator of job control in the stressor-strain relationship. Work and Stress, 27(1), pp. 1-21.
Karasek's Job Demand-Control model proposes that control mitigates the positive effects of work stressors on employee strain. Evidence to date remains mixed and, although a number of individual-level moderators have been examined, the role of broader, contextual, group factors has been largely overlooked. In this study, the extent to which control buffered or exacerbated the effects of demands on strain at the individual level was hypothesized to be influenced by perceptions of collective efficacy at the group level. Data from 544 employees in Australian organizations, nested within 23 workgroups, revealed significant three-way cross-level interactions among demands, control and collective efficacy on anxiety and job satisfaction. When the group perceived high levels of collective efficacy, high control buffered the negative consequences of high demands on anxiety and satisfaction. Conversely, when the group perceived low levels of collective efficacy, high control exacerbated the negative consequences of high demands on anxiety, but not satisfaction. In addition, a stress-exacerbating effect for high demands on anxiety and satisfaction was found when there was a mismatch between collective efficacy and control (i.e. combined high collective efficacy and low control). These results provide support for the notion that the stressor-strain relationship is moderated by both individual- and group-level factors.
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|Item Type:||Journal Article|
|Keywords:||Job demand, Job control, Collective efficacy, Employee strain, Work-related stress|
|Divisions:||Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > QUT Business School
Current > Schools > School of Management
|Copyright Owner:||Copyright 2013 Taylor & Francis|
|Deposited On:||14 May 2014 23:44|
|Last Modified:||16 May 2014 02:02|
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