Magnetic convection heat transfer in an open ended enclosure filled with paramagnetic fluids

Saha, Suvash C., Sauret, Emilie, & Gu, YuanTong (2014) Magnetic convection heat transfer in an open ended enclosure filled with paramagnetic fluids. Applied Mechanics and Materials, 553, pp. 109-114.

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Abstract

Numerical simulations of thermomagnetic convection of paramagnetic fluids placed in a micro-gravity condition (g nearly 0) and under a uniform vertical gradient magnetic field in an open ended square enclosure with ramp heating temperature condition applied on a vertical wall is investigated in this study. In presence of the strong magnetic gradient field thermal convection of the paramagnetic fluid might take place even in a zero-gravity environment as a direct consequence of temperature differences occurring within the fluid. The thermal boundary layer develops adjacent to the hot wall as soon as the ramp temperature condition is applied on it. There are two scenario that can be observed based on the ramp heating time. The steady state of the thermal boundary layer can be reached before the ramp time is finished or vice versa. If the ramp time is larger than the quasi-steady time then the thermal boundary layer is in a quasi-steady mode with convection balancing conduction after the quasi-steady time. Further increase of the heat input simply accelerates the flow to maintain the proper thermal balance. Finally, the boundary layer becomes completely steady state when the ramp time is finished. Effects of magnetic Rayleigh number, Prandtl number and paramagnetic fluid parameter on the flow pattern and heat transfer are presented.

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ID Code: 71672
Item Type: Journal Article
Refereed: Yes
Additional URLs:
Keywords: Paramagnetic fluids, Thermomagnetic Convection, microgravity
DOI: 10.4028/www.scientific.net/AMM.553.109
ISSN: 1660-9336
Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > ENGINEERING (090000) > MECHANICAL ENGINEERING (091300) > Numerical Modelling and Mechanical Characterisation (091307)
Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > ENGINEERING (090000) > INTERDISCIPLINARY ENGINEERING (091500)
Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > ENGINEERING (090000) > INTERDISCIPLINARY ENGINEERING (091500) > Computational Fluid Dynamics (091501)
Divisions: Current > Schools > School of Chemistry, Physics & Mechanical Engineering
Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Science & Engineering Faculty
Copyright Owner: Copyright 2014 Trans Tech Publications, Switzerland
Deposited On: 16 May 2014 01:06
Last Modified: 21 May 2014 11:31

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