Physical activity patterns of inner-city elementary schoolchildren

Trost, S.G., McCoy, T.A., Vander Veur, S.S., Mallya, G., Duffy, M.L., & Foster, G.D. (2013) Physical activity patterns of inner-city elementary schoolchildren. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 45(3), pp. 470-474.

View at publisher

Abstract

Purpose

This study aimed to objectively measure the physical activity (PA) characteristics of a racially and ethnically diverse sample of inner-city elementary schoolchildren and to examine the influence of sex, race/ethnicity, grade level, and weight status on PA.

Methods

A total of 470 students in grades 4-6 from six inner-city schools in Philadelphia wore an ActiGraph GT3X+ accelerometer (Actigraph, Pensacola, FL) for up to 7 d. The resultant data were uploaded to a customized Visual Basic EXCEL macro to determine the time spent in sedentary (SED), light-intensity PA (LPA), and moderate- to vigorous-intensity PA (MVPA).

Results

On average, students accumulated 48 min of MVPA daily. Expressed as a percentage of monitoring time, students were sedentary for 63% of the time, in LPA 31% of the time, and in MVPA 6% of the time. Across all race/ethnicity and grade level groups, boys exhibited significantly higher levels of MVPA than girls did; fifth-grade boys exhibited significantly lower MVPA levels than fourth-and sixth-grade boys did, and sixth-grade girls exhibited significantly lower MVPA levels than fourth-and fifth-grade girls did. Hispanic children exhibited lower levels of MVPA than children from other racial/ethnic groups did, and overweight and obese children exhibited significantly lower MVPA levels than children in the healthy weight range did. Across the entire sample, only 24.3% met the current public health guidelines for PA. Physical inactivity was significantly greater among females, Hispanics, and overweight and obese students.

Conclusions

Fewer than one in four inner-city schoolchildren accumulated the recommended 60 min of MVPA daily. These findings highlight the need for effective and sustainable programs to promote PA in inner-city youth.

Impact and interest:

19 citations in Scopus
Search Google Scholar™
20 citations in Web of Science®

Citation counts are sourced monthly from Scopus and Web of Science® citation databases.

These databases contain citations from different subsets of available publications and different time periods and thus the citation count from each is usually different. Some works are not in either database and no count is displayed. Scopus includes citations from articles published in 1996 onwards, and Web of Science® generally from 1980 onwards.

Citations counts from the Google Scholar™ indexing service can be viewed at the linked Google Scholar™ search.

ID Code: 71688
Item Type: Journal Article
Refereed: Yes
Additional Information: ISI Document Delivery No.: 094MT
Times Cited: 2
Cited Reference Count: 27
Trost, Stewart G. Mccoy, Tara A. Vander Veur, Stephanie S. Mallya, Giridhar Duffy, Meghan L. Foster, Gary D.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, US Department of Health and Human Services [3U58DP002626-01S1]; Get Healthy Philly, an initiative of the Philadelphia Department of Public Health
Funding for this evaluation was made possible by Cooperative Agreement No. 3U58DP002626-01S1 from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, US Department of Health and Human Services; and Get Healthy Philly, an initiative of the Philadelphia Department of Public Health.
Lippincott williams & wilkins
Philadelphia
Keywords: youth, exercise, ethnic minority, african american, hispanic, accelerometry, cardiovascular-disease, children, youth, intervention, prevalence, obesity, health, play, association, adolescents
DOI: 10.1249/MSS.0b013e318275e40b
ISSN: 0195-9131
Divisions: Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Science & Engineering Faculty
Deposited On: 15 May 2014 04:24
Last Modified: 16 May 2014 02:38

Export: EndNote | Dublin Core | BibTeX

Repository Staff Only: item control page