A meshfree model for plant tissue deformations during drying
Plant tissue has a complex cellular structure which is an aggregate of individual cells bonded by middle lamella. During drying processes, plant tissue undergoes extreme deformations which are mainly driven by moisture removal and turgor loss. Numerical modelling of this problem becomes challenging when conventional grid-based modelling techniques such as Finite Element Methods (FEM) and Finite Difference Methods (FDM) have grid-based limitations. This work presents a meshfree approach to model and simulate the deformations of plant tissues during drying. This method demonstrates the fundamental capabilities of meshfree methods in handling extreme deformations of multiphase systems. A simplified 2D tissue model is developed by aggregating individual cells while accounting for the stiffness of the middle lamella. Each individual cell is simply treated as consisting of two main components: cell fluid and cell wall. The cell fluid is modelled using Smoothed Particle Hydrodynamics (SPH) and the cell wall is modelled using a Discrete Element Method (DEM). During drying, moisture removal is accounted for by reduction of cell fluid and wall mass, which causes local shrinkage of cells eventually leading to tissue scale shrinkage. The cellular deformations are quantified using several cellular geometrical parameters and a favourably good agreement is observed when compared to experiments on apple tissue. The model is also capable of visually replicating dry tissue structures. The proposed model can be used as a step in developing complex tissue models to simulate extreme deformations during drying.
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|Item Type:||Journal Article|
|Keywords:||SPH, Meshfree methods, DEM, Plant tissues, Drying, Microstructure, Cells, Smoothed Particle Hydrodynamics, Numerical modelling|
|Subjects:||Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > ENGINEERING (090000) > MECHANICAL ENGINEERING (091300) > Numerical Modelling and Mechanical Characterisation (091307)|
|Divisions:||Current > Schools > School of Chemistry, Physics & Mechanical Engineering
Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Science & Engineering Faculty
|Copyright Owner:||Copyright 2014 Cambridge University Press|
|Deposited On:||15 May 2014 23:26|
|Last Modified:||30 Aug 2015 01:01|
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