Factors associated with physical activity in children attending family child care homes

Gunter, K.B., Rice, K.R., Ward, D.S., & Trost, S.G. (2012) Factors associated with physical activity in children attending family child care homes. Preventive Medicine, 54(2), pp. 131-133.

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To determine the relationship between family child care home (FCCH) practices and characteristics, and objectively measured physical activity (PA) among children attending FCCHs.


FCCH practices and characteristics were assessed in 45 FCCHs in Oregon (USA) in 2010-2011 using the Nutrition and Physical Activity Self-Assessment for Child Care Instrument. Within the 45 FCCHs, 136 children between ages 2 and 5. years wore an accelerometer during child care attendance over a one-week period. Time spent in light, moderate, and vigorous PA per hour was calculated using intensity-related cut-points (Pate et al., 2006).


FCCH characteristics and practices associated with higher levels of PA (min/h; p < 0.05) included provision of sufficient outdoor active play [32.2 (1.0) vs. 28.6 (1.3)], active play using portable play equipment [31.7 (1.0) vs. 29.3 (1.4)], the presence of a variety of fixed play equipment [32.2 (1.0) vs. 28.9 (1.3)], and suitable indoor play space [32.2 (1.0) vs. 28.6 (1.3)], engaging in active play with children [32.1 (1.1) vs. 29.6 (1.2)], and receiving activity-related training [33.1 (1.2) vs. 30.3 (1.1)].


This is the first study to identify practices and characteristics of FCCHs that influence children's PA. These data should be considered when developing programs and policies to promote PA in FCCHs.

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17 citations in Web of Science®

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ID Code: 72112
Item Type: Journal Article
Refereed: Yes
Additional Information: Cited By (since 1996):8
Export Date: 12 May 2014
Source: Scopus
PubMed ID: 22178820
Additional URLs:
Keywords: Child care settings, Childhood overweight and obesity, Physical activity, accelerometer, article, child, child health care, controlled study, family child care home, female, health care delivery, health care personnel, health program, health service, home care, human, major clinical study, male, nutrition, play, priority journal, training, Acceleration, Adult, Analysis of Variance, Caregivers, Child Care, Child Welfare, Child, Preschool, Cross-Sectional Studies, Health Behavior, Health Promotion, Health Status Indicators, Humans, Motor Activity, Play and Playthings, Psychometrics, Self Report, Time Factors
DOI: 10.1016/j.ypmed.2011.12.002
ISSN: 00917435
Divisions: Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Faculty of Health
Deposited On: 26 May 2014 03:37
Last Modified: 27 May 2014 02:43

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