Parental influences on physical activity behavior in preschool children

Loprinzi, Paul D. & Trost, Stewart G. (2010) Parental influences on physical activity behavior in preschool children. Preventive Medicine, 50(3), pp. 129-133.

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To evaluate a conceptual model linking parent physical activity (PA) orientations, parental support for PA, and PA behavior in preschool children.


Participants were 156 parent-child dyads from 13 child care centers in Queensland, Australia. Parents completed a questionnaire measuring parental PA, parental enjoyment of PA, perceived importance of PA, parental support for PA, parents' perceptions of competence, and child PA at home. MVPA while attending child care was measured via accelerometry. Data were collected between May and August of 2003. The relationships between the study variables and child PA were tested using observed variable path analysis.


Parental PA and parents' perceptions of competence were positively associated with parental support for PA (β= 0.23 and 0.18, respectively, p<0.05). Parental support, in turn, was positively associated with child PA at home (β= 0.16, p<0.05), but not at child care (β= 0.01, p= 0.94). Parents' perceptions of competence was positively associated with both home-based and child care PA (β= 0.20 and 0.28, respectively, p<0.05).


Family-based interventions targeting preschoolers should include strategies to increase parental support for PA. Parents who perceive their child to have low physical competence should be encouraged to provide adequate support for PA. © 2009 Elsevier Inc.

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ID Code: 72114
Item Type: Journal Article
Refereed: Yes
Additional Information: Cited By (since 1996):35
Export Date: 12 May 2014
Source: Scopus
PubMed ID: 19962397
Additional URLs:
Keywords: Accelerometry, Early childhood, Exercise, Family, adult, article, Australia, caregiver support, child, child care, competence, conceptual framework, controlled study, female, health behavior, human, major clinical study, male, parental attitude, physical activity, preschool child, priority journal, questionnaire, strategic planning, Child, Preschool, Humans, Models, Theoretical, Monitoring, Physiologic, Motor Activity, Parent-Child Relations, Queensland, Questionnaires
DOI: 10.1016/j.ypmed.2009.11.010
ISSN: 0091-7435
Divisions: Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Faculty of Health
Deposited On: 26 May 2014 03:26
Last Modified: 29 May 2014 00:54

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