A prospective study of the determinants of physical activity in rural fifth-grade children

Trost, S.G., Pate, R.R., Saunders, R., Ward, D.S., Dowda, M., & Felton, G. (1997) A prospective study of the determinants of physical activity in rural fifth-grade children. Preventive Medicine, 26(2), pp. 257-263.

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Understanding the factors that influence physical activity behavior is important in the design of intervention programs targeted at youth.


A prospective study design was used to identify the predictors of vigorous physical activity (VPA) (greater than or equal to 6 METs) and moderate and vigorous physical activity (MVPA) (greater than or equal to 3 METs) among 202 rural, predominantly African-American children. Selected social-cognitive determinants of physical activity were assessed via questionnaire in the fifth grade. Participation in VPA and MVPA was assessed via the previous day physical activity recall 1 year later in the sixth grade.


For girls, participation in community sports, self-efficacy in overcoming barriers, enjoyment of school physical education, race (white > black), and perception of mother's activity level (active vs inactive) were significant predictors of VPA. For MVPA, participation in community sports and self-efficacy in overcoming barriers were significant predictors. For boys, self-efficacy in overcoming barriers was the only significant predictor of VPA, while beliefs regarding activity outcomes and participation in community sports were significant predictors of MVPA.


Social-cognitive constructs such as physical activity self-efficacy, access to community physical activity outlets, and positive beliefs regarding physical activity outcomes are important predictors of future physical activity behavior among rural, predominantly African-American children.

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ID Code: 72117
Item Type: Journal Article
Refereed: Yes
Additional Information: ISI Document Delivery No.: WP351
Times Cited: 155
Cited Reference Count: 21
Trost, SG Pate, RR Saunders, R Ward, DS Dowda, M Felton, G
Academic press inc jnl-comp subscriptions
San diego; <Go to ISI>://WOS:A1997WP35100014
Keywords: exercise, sports, self-efficacy, African-American, adolescents, exercise, behavior, epidemiology, predictors, american, fitness
DOI: 10.1006/pmed.1996.0137
ISSN: 0091-7435
Divisions: Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Faculty of Health
Deposited On: 26 May 2014 02:59
Last Modified: 26 May 2014 02:59

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