Involvement of focal adhesion kinase in inhibition of motility of human breast cancer cells by sphingosine 1-phosphate
Wang, Fang, Nohara, Keiko, Olivera, Ana, Thompson, Erik W., & Spiegel, Sarah (1999) Involvement of focal adhesion kinase in inhibition of motility of human breast cancer cells by sphingosine 1-phosphate. Experimental Cell Research, 247(1), pp. 17-28.
Sphingosine 1-phosphate (SPP), a bioactive sphingolipid metabolite, inhibits chemoinvasiveness of the aggressive, estrogen-independent MDA-MB-231 human breast cancer cell line. As in many other cell types, SPP stimulated proliferation of MDA-MB-231 cells, albeit to a lesser extent. Treatment of MDA-MB-231 cells with SPP had no significant effect on their adhesiveness to Matrigel, and only high concentrations of SPP partially inhibited matrix metalloproteinase-2 activation induced by Con A. However, SPP at a concentration that strongly inhibited invasiveness also markedly reduced chemotactic motility. To investigate the molecular mechanisms by which SPP interferes with cell motility, we examined tyrosine phosphorylation of focal adhesion kinase (FAK) and paxillin, which are important for organization of focal adhesions and cell motility. SPP rapidly increased tyrosine phosphorylation of FAK and paxillin and of the paxillin-associated protein Crk. Overexpression of FAK and kinase-defective FAK in MDA-MB-231 cells resulted in a slight increase in motility without affecting the inhibitory effect of SPP, whereas expression of FAK with a mutation of the major autophosphorylation site (F397) abolished the inhibitory effect of SPP on cell motility. In contrast, the phosphoinositide 3'-kinase inhibitor, wortmannin, inhibited chemotactic motility in both vector and FAK-F397- transfected cells. Our results suggest that autophosphorylation of FAK on Y397 may play an important role in SPP signaling leading to decreased cell motility.
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|Item Type:||Journal Article|
|Additional Information:||Cited By (since 1996):61 Export Date: 6 May 2014 Source: Scopus PubMed ID: 10047444|
|Divisions:||Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Faculty of Health|
|Deposited On:||28 May 2014 01:43|
|Last Modified:||28 May 2014 01:43|
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