Sports participation and health-related behaviors among US youth

Pate, Russell R., Trost, Stewart G., Levin, Sarah, & Dowda, Marsha (2000) Sports participation and health-related behaviors among US youth. Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine, 154(9), pp. 904-911.

View at publisher (open access)



To examine the relationship between sports participation and health-related behaviors among high school students.


Cross-sectional design using data from the 1997 Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Youth Risk Behavior Survey.


A nationally representative sample of 14221 US high school students.

Main Outcome Measures

Prevalence of sports participation among males and females from 3 ethnic groups and its associations with other health behaviors, including diet, tobacco use, alcohol and illegal drug use, sexual activity, violence, and weight loss practices.


Approximately 70% of male students and 53% of female students reported participating on 1 or more spores teams in school and/or nonschool settings; rates varied substantially by age, sex, and ethnicity. Male sports participants were more likely than male nonparticipants to report fruit and vegetable consumption on the previous day and less likely to report cigarette smelting, cocaine and other illegal drug use, and trying to lose weight. Compared with female nonparticipants, female sports participants were more likely to report consumption of vegetables on the previous day and less likely to report having sexual intercourse in the past 3 months. Among white males and females, several other beneficial health behaviors were associated with sports participation. A few associations with. negative health behaviors were observed in African American and Hispanic subgroups.


Sports participation is highly prevalent among US high school students, and is associated with numerous positive health behaviors and few negative health behaviors.

Impact and interest:

232 citations in Scopus
Search Google Scholar™
187 citations in Web of Science®

Citation counts are sourced monthly from Scopus and Web of Science® citation databases.

These databases contain citations from different subsets of available publications and different time periods and thus the citation count from each is usually different. Some works are not in either database and no count is displayed. Scopus includes citations from articles published in 1996 onwards, and Web of Science® generally from 1980 onwards.

Citations counts from the Google Scholar™ indexing service can be viewed at the linked Google Scholar™ search.

ID Code: 72249
Item Type: Journal Article
Refereed: Yes
Additional Information: ISI Document Delivery No.: 352MJ Times Cited: 137 Cited Reference Count: 37 Pate, RR Trost, SG Levin, S Dowda, M Amer medical assoc Chicago; <Go to ISI>://WOS:000089222200007
Keywords: school athletic participation, physical-activity, adolescents, intervention, tobacco, sample
DOI: 10.1001/archpedi.154.9.904
ISSN: 1072-4710
Divisions: Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Faculty of Health
Deposited On: 30 May 2014 00:35
Last Modified: 30 May 2014 00:35

Export: EndNote | Dublin Core | BibTeX

Repository Staff Only: item control page