Frizzled-7 receptor ectodomain expression in a colon cancer cell line induces morphological change and attenuates tumor growth
Vincan, Elizebeth, Darcy, Phillip K., Smyth, Mark J., Ramsay, Robert G., Thompson, Erik W., Thomas, Robert J.S., & Phillips, Wayne (2005) Frizzled-7 receptor ectodomain expression in a colon cancer cell line induces morphological change and attenuates tumor growth. Differentiation, 73(4), pp. 142-153.
Frizzled (FZD) receptors have a conserved N-terminal extracellular cysteine-rich domain that interacts with Wnts and co-expression of the receptor ectodomain can antagonize FZD-mediated signalling. Using the ectodomain as an antagonist we have modulated endogenous FZD7 signalling in the moderately differentiated colon adenocarcinoma cell line, SK-CO-1. Unlike the parental cell line, which grows as tightly associated adherent cell clusters, the FZD7 ectodomain expressing cells display a spread out morphology and grow as a monolayer in tissue culture. This transition in morphology was associated with decreased levels of plasma membrane-associated E-cadherin and β-catenin, localized increased levels of vimentin and redistribution of α6 integrin to cellular processes in the FZD7 ectodomain expressing cells. The morphological and phenotype changes induced by FZD7 ectodomain expression in SK-CO-1 cells is thus consistent with the cells undergoing an epithelial-to-mesenchymal-like transition. Furthermore, initiation of tumor formation in a xenograft tumor growth assay was attenuated in the FZD7 ectodomain expressing cells. Our results indicate a pivotal role for endogenous FZD7 in morphology transitions that are associated with colon tumor initiation and progression.
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|Item Type:||Journal Article|
|Additional Information:||Cited By (since 1996):25
Export Date: 6 May 2014
PubMed ID: 15901282
|Keywords:||Colon cancer, Epithelial, Frizzled, Mesenchymal, Wnt pathway|
|Divisions:||Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Faculty of Health|
|Deposited On:||03 Jun 2014 04:14|
|Last Modified:||03 Jun 2014 04:14|
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