A qualitative investigation of adolescents’ perceived mechanisms of change from a universal school-based depression prevention program

Shochet, Ian, Montague, Roslyn, Smith, Coral, & Dadds, Mark R. (2014) A qualitative investigation of adolescents’ perceived mechanisms of change from a universal school-based depression prevention program. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 11(5), pp. 5541-5554.

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Abstract

A recent meta-analysis provides evidence supporting the universal application of school-based prevention programs for adolescent depression. The mechanisms underlying such successful interventions, however, are largely unknown. We report on a qualitative analysis of 109 Grade 9 students’ beliefs about what they gained from an evidence-based depression prevention intervention, the Resourceful Adolescent Program (RAP-A). Fifty-four percent of interviewees articulated at least one specific example of program benefit. A thematic analysis of responses revealed two major themes, improved interpersonal relationships and improved self-regulation, both stronger than originally assumed. A more minor theme also emerged—more helpful cognitions. It is postulated that both improved interpersonal relationships and improved self-regulation are likely to enhance one another, and more helpful cognitions may express its contribution through enhanced self-regulation. These findings broaden our understanding of the impact of depression prevention programs, beginning to illuminate how such programs benefit participants.

Impact and interest:

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ID Code: 72685
Item Type: Journal Article
Refereed: Yes
Keywords: prevention, universal interventions, adolescence, depression, school-based interventions, resilience
DOI: 10.3390/ijerph110505541
ISSN: 1660-4601
Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > PSYCHOLOGY AND COGNITIVE SCIENCES (170000) > PSYCHOLOGY (170100)
Divisions: Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Faculty of Health
Current > Institutes > Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation
Current > Schools > School of Psychology & Counselling
Copyright Owner: Copyright 2014 by the authors; licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.
Copyright Statement: This article is an open access article
distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution license
(http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/).
Deposited On: 10 Jun 2014 22:52
Last Modified: 14 Jun 2014 05:15

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