Asthma interventions in primary schools : a review

Al Aloola, Noha A., Naik-Panvelkar, Pradnya, Nissen, Lisa, & Saini, Bandana (2014) Asthma interventions in primary schools : a review. Journal of Asthma.

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Abstract

Objective

To explore, in depth, the literature for evidence supporting asthma interventions delivered within primary schools and to identify any “gaps” in this research area.

Methods

A literature search using electronic search engines (i.e. Medline, PubMed, Education Resources Information Center (ERIC), International Pharmaceutical Abstracts (IPA), Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL), Embase and Informit) and the search terms “asthma”, “asthma intervention” and “school-based asthma education program” (and derivatives of these keywords) was conducted.

Results

Twenty-three articles met the inclusion criteria; of these eight were Randomised Controlled Trials. There was much variety in the type, content, delivery and outcome measures in these 23 studies. The most common intervention type was asthma education delivery. Most studies demonstrated improvement in clinical and humanistic markers, for example, asthma symptoms medication use (decrease in reliever medication use or decrease in the need for rescue oral steroid), inhaler use technique and spacer use competency, lung function and quality of life. Relatively few studies explored the effect of the intervention on academic outcomes. Most studies did not report on the sustainability or cost effectiveness of the intervention tested. Another drawback in the literature was the lack of details about the intervention and inconsistency in instruments selected for measuring outcomes.

Conclusion

School-based asthma interventions regardless of their heterogeneity have positive clinical, humanistic, health economical and academic outcomes.

Impact and interest:

1 citations in Scopus
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1 citations in Web of Science®

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ID Code: 72767
Item Type: Journal Article
Refereed: Yes
DOI: 10.3109/02770903.2014.914534
ISSN: 1532-4303
Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES (110000) > PHARMACOLOGY AND PHARMACEUTICAL SCIENCES (111500) > Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics (111502)
Divisions: Current > Schools > School of Clinical Sciences
Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Faculty of Health
Copyright Owner: Copyright 2014 Informa Healthcare USA, Inc.
Deposited On: 12 Jun 2014 23:05
Last Modified: 25 Jun 2014 22:27

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