Motor SMART: A driver education, judgement training and mentoring program for novice drivers with ADHD
Watson, Barry C. & Mihovilovich, Sue (1999) Motor SMART: A driver education, judgement training and mentoring program for novice drivers with ADHD. In Third National Conference on Injury Prevention and Control, May 1999, Brisbane, Queensland.
It is estimated that between 2% and 8% of Australian children are affected by the condition Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD). A high correlation has been found between the disorder and learning difficulties, underachievement, Oppositional Defiant Disorder and Socialisation Disorder. In addition, evidence is emerging internationally that young people with ADHD are over-involved in traffic-related incidents. For example, the research suggests that young people with ADHD are more likely to: drive under-age; be convicted of traffic offences, particularly speeding; have their licences suspended or revoked; be rated by others as being less safe; and be involved in more road crashes.
This paper describes the development of an innovative intervention specifically targeting the driving behaviour of young people with ADHD. A search of the literature failed to locate any existing program that could be used as a suitable model. Consequently, it was necessary to draw on 'best practice' features of interventions in the areas of ADHD, road safety and community-based injury prevention to guide the project. The primary aim of the intervention is to enhance the participant's impulse control, judgement and decision-making while driving. It will feature three components: psychological counselling; specialised driver training; and a mentoring program for use by parents and/or other people involved in teaching learner drivers with ADHD. Local individuals and organisations with an interest in the disorder, training or transport have formed a Project Reference Group to develop and guide the project. An evaluation framework is currently being designed which will involve monitoring the offence and crash rates of the participants.
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