Promoting resilience in children with intellectual disability : a randomized controlled trial in Australian schools

Gilmore, Linda, Campbell, Marilyn A., Shochet, Ian M., Garland, Robyn, Smyth, Tanya L., Roberts, Clare, & West, Damian (2014) Promoting resilience in children with intellectual disability : a randomized controlled trial in Australian schools. In Prince-Embury, Sandra & Saklofske, Donald H. (Eds.) Resilience Interventions for Youth in Diverse Populations. Springer New York, pp. 353-373.

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Children with intellectual disability are more vulnerable to adverse developmental outcomes because of the lifelong risks associated with cognitive impairment. Difficulties with learning and adaptive behaviour inevitably produce considerable personal, social and economic disadvantage. Of concern is consistent evidence that psychiatric disorders affect a substantial proportion of people with intellectual disability. The estimated prevalence rate of between 35 and 49 % is three times that found in the general population (Wallander, Dekker, & Koot, 2006).

Until recently, mental illness has been relatively neglected for people with intellectual disability, especially in relation to prevention or early detection (Kolaitis, 2008) and most research to date has been descriptive rather than focused on intervention (Bouras, 2013). Yet a considerable body of evidence demonstrates that efficacious interventions do exist for preventing psychopathology and enhancing resilience in typically developing children and adolescents (see Mallin, Walker, & Levin, 2013 for a review). In order to prevent the high comorbidity of intellectual disability and psychopathology, there is a compelling need for evidence-based practices that promote the resilience of individuals with intellectual disability (Matson, Terlonge, & Minshawi, 2008).

In this chapter, we describe a randomized controlled trial of an intervention that was designed to enhance the resilience of a group of children with mild intellectual disability as they prepared to make the transition to high school. We report results from our evaluation of this intervention, and reflect on the difficulties of providing successful interventions for children whose lives are complicated not only by intellectual disability, but also by a range of contextual disadvantages.

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ID Code: 72880
Item Type: Book Chapter
Additional URLs:
DOI: 10.1007/978-1-4939-0542-3_16
ISBN: 9781493905423
ISSN: 1572-5642
Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > EDUCATION (130000) > SPECIALIST STUDIES IN EDUCATION (130300) > Specialist Studies in Education not elsewhere classified (130399)
Divisions: Current > Research Centres > Office of Education Research
Current > Schools > School of Cultural & Professional Learning
Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Faculty of Education
Current > Schools > School of Psychology & Counselling
Copyright Owner: Copyright 2014 Springer Science+Business Media New York
Deposited On: 18 Jun 2014 22:43
Last Modified: 19 Oct 2015 00:53

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