Myopic anisometropia : ocular characteristics and aetiological considerations

Vincent, Stephen J., Collins, Michael J., Read, Scott A., & Carney, Leo G. (2014) Myopic anisometropia : ocular characteristics and aetiological considerations. Clinical and Experimental Optometry, 97(4), pp. 291-307.

View at publisher


Anisometropia represents a unique example of ocular development, where the two eyes of an individual, with an identical genetic background and seemingly subject to identical environmental influences, can grow asymmetrically to produce significantly different refractive errors. This review provides an overview of the research examining myopic anisometropia, the ocular characteristics underlying the condition and the potential aetiological factors involved. Various mechanical factors are discussed, including corneal structure, intraocular pressure and forces generated during near work that may contribute to development of anisomyopia. Potential visually guided mechanisms of unequal ocular growth are also explored, including the influence of astigmatism, accommodation, higher-order aberrations and the choroidal response to altered visual experience. The association between binocular vision, ocular dominance and asymmetric refraction is also considered, along with a review of the genetic contribution to the aetiology of myopic anisometropia. Despite a significant amount of research into the biomechanical, structural and optical characteristics of anisometropic eyes, there is still no unifying theory, which adequately explains how two eyes within the same visual system grow to different endpoints.

Impact and interest:

8 citations in Scopus
6 citations in Web of Science®
Search Google Scholar™

Citation counts are sourced monthly from Scopus and Web of Science® citation databases.

These databases contain citations from different subsets of available publications and different time periods and thus the citation count from each is usually different. Some works are not in either database and no count is displayed. Scopus includes citations from articles published in 1996 onwards, and Web of Science® generally from 1980 onwards.

Citations counts from the Google Scholar™ indexing service can be viewed at the linked Google Scholar™ search.

Full-text downloads:

45 since deposited on 19 Jun 2014
23 in the past twelve months

Full-text downloads displays the total number of times this work’s files (e.g., a PDF) have been downloaded from QUT ePrints as well as the number of downloads in the previous 365 days. The count includes downloads for all files if a work has more than one.

ID Code: 72894
Item Type: Journal Article
Refereed: Yes
Keywords: anisometropia, myopia, ocular biometrics, ocular growth, refractive error
DOI: 10.1111/cxo.12171
ISSN: 1444-0938
Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES (110000) > OPTOMETRY AND OPHTHALMOLOGY (111300)
Divisions: Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Faculty of Health
Current > Institutes > Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation
Copyright Owner: Copyright 2014 The Authors. Clinical and Experimental Optometry © 2014 Optometrists Association Australia
Deposited On: 19 Jun 2014 22:34
Last Modified: 23 Jun 2017 11:59

Export: EndNote | Dublin Core | BibTeX

Repository Staff Only: item control page