Segmental torso masses in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis

Keenan, Bethany E., Izatt, Maree T., Askin, Geoffrey N., Labrom, Robert D., Pettet, Graeme J., Pearcy, Mark J., & Adam, Clayton J. (2014) Segmental torso masses in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. Clinical Biomechanics, 29(7), pp. 773-779.

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Abstract

Background Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis is the most common type of spinal deformity whose aetiology remains unclear. Studies suggest that gravitational forces in the standing position play an important role in scoliosis progression, therefore anthropometric data are required to develop biomechanical models of the deformity. Few studies have analysed the trunk by vertebral level and none have performed investigations of the scoliotic trunk. The aim of this study was to determine the centroid, thickness, volume and estimated mass, for sections of the trunk in Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis patients.

Methods Existing low-dose Computed Tomography scans were used to estimate vertebral level-by-level torso masses for 20 female Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis patients. ImageJ processing software was used to analyse the Computed Tomography images and enable estimation of the segmental torso mass corresponding to each vertebral level.

Findings The patients’ mean age was 15.0 (SD 2.7) years with mean major Cobb Angle of 52° (SD 5.9) and mean patient weight of 58.2 (SD 11.6) kg. The magnitude of torso segment mass corresponding to each vertebral level increased by 150% from 0.6kg at T1 to 1.5kg at L5. Similarly, the segmental thickness corresponding to each vertebral level from T1-L5 increased inferiorly from a mean 18.5 (SD 2.2) mm at T1 to 32.8 (SD 3.4) mm at L5. The mean total trunk mass, as a percentage of total body mass, was 27.8 (SD 0.5) % which was close to values reported in previous literature.

Interpretation This study provides new anthropometric reference data on segmental (vertebral level-by-level) torso mass in Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis patients, useful for biomechanical models of scoliosis progression and treatment.

Impact and interest:

5 citations in Scopus
3 citations in Web of Science®
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ID Code: 73008
Item Type: Journal Article
Refereed: Yes
Keywords: adolescent idiopathic scoliosis, anthropometric data, anthropometry, body segment parameters, computed tomography, scoliosis progression, torso segment masses
DOI: 10.1016/j.clinbiomech.2014.06.002
ISSN: 0268-0033
Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > ENGINEERING (090000) > BIOMEDICAL ENGINEERING (090300) > Biomechanical Engineering (090302)
Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES (110000) > CLINICAL SCIENCES (110300)
Divisions: Current > Institutes > Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation
Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Science & Engineering Faculty
Copyright Owner: Copyright 2014 Elsevier Ltd.
Copyright Statement: NOTICE: this is the author’s version of a work that was accepted for publication in Clinical Biomechanics. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version was subsequently published in Clinical Biomechanics, [In Press] DOI: 10.1016/j.clinbiomech.2014.06.002
Deposited On: 23 Jun 2014 22:37
Last Modified: 22 Jun 2017 09:00

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