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Clonal isolation and characterization of bone marrow stromal cells from osteoarthritis patient

Mareddy, Shobha R., Crawford, Ross W., Brooke, Gary, & Xiao, Yin (2007) Clonal isolation and characterization of bone marrow stromal cells from osteoarthritis patient. Tissue Engineering, 13(4), pp. 819-829.

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Abstract

The demand for treatment strategies for damaged musculoskeletal tissue is continuously growing, especially considering the increasing number of older people with degenerative diseases of the skeletal system such as osteoarthritis (OA). Since depletion of multipotent cells has been implicated in degenerative joint diseases, cell based therapies have been proposed for tissue regeneration, especially for cartilage repair. The aim of the present study is to focus on the possibility of deriving and expanding multipotential mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) from bone marrow samples of OA patients, by characterization of MSC at the single cell level. Single cell clonal cultures were established in 96 well plates by limiting dilution of bone marrow stromal cells (BMSC) from three OA patients. A total of 14 clones were established for subsequent characterization. There was a wide variation in cell doubling times, with the time taken to reach 20 population doublings (PD) ranging from 37 days to more than 100 days. The clones were grouped into fast growing and slow growing clones. All except one of the fast growing stem cell clones were tripotential. However, the slow growing clones showed limited differentiation potential and morphological changes associated with cellular senescence with extended duration in culture. Flow cytometric analysis indicated a strong need to investigate for novel cell surface characteristic markers of BMSC because there was no obvious difference in the expression of the selected characteristic BMSC cell surface markers, CD29, CD44, CD90, CD105, and CD166 between fast growing and slow growing clones. This study has demonstrated the existence of a fast growing multipotential MSC population from bone marrow samples of OA patients. Therefore, despite a supposedly reduced stem cell compartment in these patients, we demonstrate here that they can still yield a potentially therapeutically useful source of syngeneic MSC.

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ID Code: 7317
Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Self-archiving of the author-version is not yet supported by this publisher. For more information, please refer to the journal's website (see link) or contact the author. Author contact details: yin.xiao@qut.edu.au
Keywords: bone morrow, stem cell, mesenchymal, clone, osteoarthritis
DOI: 10.1089/ten.2006.0180
ISSN: 1076-3279
Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES (060000)
Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES (060000) > BIOCHEMISTRY AND CELL BIOLOGY (060100)
Divisions: Past > QUT Faculties & Divisions > Faculty of Built Environment and Engineering
Current > Institutes > Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation
Past > Schools > School of Engineering Systems
Copyright Owner: Copyright 2007 Mary Ann Liebert Inc.
Deposited On: 03 May 2007
Last Modified: 29 Feb 2012 23:41

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