Root caries patterns and risk factors of middle-aged and elderly people in China

Du, MinQuan, Jiang, Han, Tai, BaoJun, Zhou, Yinghong, Wu, Bei, & Bian, Zhuan (2009) Root caries patterns and risk factors of middle-aged and elderly people in China. Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology, 37(3), pp. 260-266.

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Abstract

The objectives of this study were to describe root caries patterns of Chinese adults and to analyze the effect of selected demographic and socioeconomic factors on these patterns. A total sample of 1080 residents aged 35-44-years-old and 1080 residents aged 65-74-years-old from three urban and three rural survey sites in Hubei Province participated in both an oral health interview and a clinical oral health examination. Root surface caries prevalence rates were 13.1% in the middle-aged group and 43.9% in the elderly group. The mean number of teeth affected by caries in the middle-aged group was reported at 0.21 and 1.0 in the elderly group. Mean Root Caries Index (RCI) scores of the middle-aged were reported at 6.29 and elderly subjects were reported at 11.95. Elderly people living in rural areas reported a higher RCI score (13.24) than those living in urban areas (10.70). A significantly higher frequency of root surface caries was observed in elderly participants (P < 0.001, OR = 3.80) and ethnic minorities (P < 0.001, OR = 1.93). In addition, smokers, nontea drinkers, and those with an annual household income of 10,000 yuan or less tended to have higher caries prevalence. RCI figures for the different tooth types ranged from 1% to 16%, indicating a wide variation in attack rates. In conclusion, our study suggests that root surface caries occurrence is high among the Chinese adult population, especially older adults. With an increasing number of retained teeth in both middle-aged and elderly people, root caries is a growing disease in the People's Republic of China which deserves more attention in future research.

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31 citations in Scopus
26 citations in Web of Science®
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ID Code: 73187
Item Type: Journal Article
Refereed: Yes
Keywords: Chinese, root caries, root caries index
DOI: 10.1111/j.1600-0528.2009.00461.x
ISSN: 1600-0528
Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES (110000) > DENTISTRY (110500)
Divisions: Current > Institutes > Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation
Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Science & Engineering Faculty
Copyright Owner: Copyright 2009 The Authors
Deposited On: 01 Jul 2014 22:48
Last Modified: 21 Jun 2017 19:01

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