Mastery motivation in children with intellectual disability : Is there evidence for a Down syndrome behavioural phenotype?

Gilmore, Linda, Cuskelly, Monica, & Browning, Melissa (2015) Mastery motivation in children with intellectual disability : Is there evidence for a Down syndrome behavioural phenotype? International Journal of Disability, Development and Education, 62(3), pp. 265-275.

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Abstract

The main purpose of the current study was to provide empirical evidence to support or refute assumptions of phenotypic deficits in motivation for children with Down syndrome. Children with moderate intellectual disability associated with etiologies other than Down syndrome were recruited in an extension of a previous study that involved children with Down syndrome and typically developing children. The participants were 29 children with moderate intellectual disability and 33 children with Down syndrome who were matched on mental age to 33 typically developing children, aged 3 to 8 years. Mastery motivation was assessed on task measures of curiosity, preference for challenge, and persistence, as well as parental reports. There were no significant group differences on the mastery motivation tasks. Parental ratings of mastery motivation differed, with typically developing children generally being rated more highly than each of the disability groups. The view that motivational deficits are part of the Down syndrome behavioural phenotype was not supported.

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ID Code: 73219
Item Type: Journal Article
Refereed: Yes
Additional URLs:
Keywords: motivation, mastery motivation, intellectual disability, Down syndrome, behavioural phenotype, persistence
DOI: 10.1080/1034912X.2015.1020923
ISSN: 1465-346X
Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > EDUCATION (130000) > SPECIALIST STUDIES IN EDUCATION (130300) > Special Education and Disability (130312)
Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > PSYCHOLOGY AND COGNITIVE SCIENCES (170000) > PSYCHOLOGY (170100) > Educational Psychology (170103)
Divisions: Current > Schools > School of Cultural & Professional Learning
Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Faculty of Education
Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Faculty of Health
Current > Schools > School of Psychology & Counselling
Copyright Owner: Copyright 2014 Taylor & Francis
Deposited On: 19 Aug 2014 23:43
Last Modified: 03 Dec 2016 06:55

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