The development of an intervention to promote the capacity to wait in children with intellectual disability

Gilmore, Linda, Cuskelly, Monica, Glenn, Sheila, Jobling, Anne, & Martin, Vicki (2014) The development of an intervention to promote the capacity to wait in children with intellectual disability. Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities, 27(4), p. 348.

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Aim: Individuals with intellectual disability (ID) often have difficulty with waiting, an important aspect of everyday life. Successful waiting require cognitive, emotional and behavioural self-regulation, and is an essential element in the capacity to delay gratification. Method: We developed an intervention to provide parents with the knowledge and strategies to promote their child’s capacity to wait. The intervention was grounded in previous work about the skills underpinning successful waiting, such as goal-setting, understanding time, and managing frustration. Eleven parents of children with ID (mean CA 9.4 years; mean MA 47 months) participated in an intervention trial. Following pre-testing of their child’s capacity to wait and delay gratification, parents attended a 1 day workshop that was followed by monthly phone discussions with the researchers to monitor progress and provide advice. Post-testing was undertaken 1 year later. Results: Compared with a wait-listed control group, children whose parents had completed the intervention displayed significant improvements in their capacity to wait on a delay of gratification task. Parents reported that their child had become more successful in everyday waiting situations. Conclusion: The results of this pilot study are promising and pave the way for larger-scale interventions to improve self-regulatory skills in people with ID.

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ID Code: 73221
Item Type: Journal Article
Refereed: Yes
Additional Information: Special Issue: Abstracts of the Fourth International IASSIDD Europe Regional Congress 14–17 July, 2014, Vienna
Keywords: intellectual disability, intervention, delay of gratification, waiting
DOI: 10.1111/jar.12105
ISSN: 1360-2322
Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > EDUCATION (130000) > SPECIALIST STUDIES IN EDUCATION (130300) > Special Education and Disability (130312)
Divisions: Current > Schools > School of Cultural & Professional Learning
Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Faculty of Education
Copyright Owner: Copyright 2014 John Wiley & Sons Ltd
Deposited On: 14 Aug 2014 02:51
Last Modified: 28 Mar 2015 00:09

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