Multivariate statistical analysis of hydrochemical data to assess alluvial aquifer–stream connectivity during drought and flood : Cressbrook Creek, southeast Queensland, Australia
King, A. C., Raiber, Matthias, & Cox, Malcolm E. (2014) Multivariate statistical analysis of hydrochemical data to assess alluvial aquifer–stream connectivity during drought and flood : Cressbrook Creek, southeast Queensland, Australia. Hydrogeology Journal, 22(2), pp. 481-500.
A catchment-scale multivariate statistical analysis of hydrochemistry enabled assessment of interactions between alluvial groundwater and Cressbrook Creek, an intermittent drainage system in southeast Queensland, Australia. Hierarchical cluster analyses and principal component analysis were applied to time-series data to evaluate the hydrochemical evolution of groundwater during periods of extreme drought and severe flooding. A simple three-dimensional geological model was developed to conceptualise the catchment morphology and the stratigraphic framework of the alluvium. The alluvium forms a two-layer system with a basal coarse-grained layer overlain by a clay-rich low-permeability unit. In the upper and middle catchment, alluvial groundwater is chemically similar to streamwater, particularly near the creek (reflected by high HCO3/Cl and K/Na ratios and low salinities), indicating a high degree of connectivity. In the lower catchment, groundwater is more saline with lower HCO3/Cl and K/Na ratios, notably during dry periods. Groundwater salinity substantially decreased following severe flooding in 2011, notably in the lower catchment, confirming that flooding is an important mechanism for both recharge and maintaining groundwater quality. The integrated approach used in this study enabled effective interpretation of hydrological processes and can be applied to a variety of hydrological settings to synthesise and evaluate large hydrochemical datasets.
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|Item Type:||Journal Article|
|Keywords:||Alluvial aquifer, Australia, Groundwater/surface-water relations, Hydrochemistry, Multivariate statistical analysis|
|Divisions:||Current > Schools > School of Earth, Environmental & Biological Sciences
Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Science & Engineering Faculty
|Deposited On:||08 Jul 2014 22:56|
|Last Modified:||08 Jul 2014 23:52|
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