Open-air direct current plasma jet : scaling up, uniformity, and cellular control

Wu, S., Wang, Z., Huang, Q., Lu, X., & Ostrikov, K. (2012) Open-air direct current plasma jet : scaling up, uniformity, and cellular control. Physics of Plasmas, 19(10), p. 103503.

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Atmospheric-pressure plasma jets are commonly used in many fields from medicine to nanotechnology, yet the issue of scaling the discharges up to larger areas without compromising the plasma uniformity remains a major challenge. In this paper, we demonstrate a homogenous cold air plasmaglow with a large cross-section generated by a direct current power supply. There is no risk of glow-to-arc transitions, and the plasmaglow appears uniform regardless of the gap between the nozzle and the surface being processed. Detailed studies show that both the position of the quartz tube and the gas flow rate can be used to control the plasma properties. Further investigation indicates that the residual charges trapped on the inner surface of the quartz tube may be responsible for the generation of the air plasma plume with a large cross-section. The spatially resolved optical emission spectroscopy reveals that the air plasma plume is uniform as it propagates out of the nozzle. The remarkable improvement of the plasma uniformity is used to improve the bio-compatibility of a glass coverslip over a reasonably large area. This improvement is demonstrated by a much more uniform and effective attachment and proliferation of human embryonic kidney 293 (HEK 293) cells on the plasma-treated surface.

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12 citations in Scopus
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10 citations in Web of Science®

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ID Code: 73609
Item Type: Journal Article
Refereed: Yes
DOI: 10.1063/1.4762858
ISSN: 1070-664X
Divisions: Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Science & Engineering Faculty
Deposited On: 09 Jul 2014 01:45
Last Modified: 10 Jul 2014 03:40

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