Enhanced electron field emission from plasma-nitrogenated carbon nanotips

Wang, B.B., Cheng, Q.J., Zhong, X.X., Wang, Y.Q., Chen, Y.A., & Ostrikov, K. (2012) Enhanced electron field emission from plasma-nitrogenated carbon nanotips. Journal of Applied Physics, 111(4), 044317.

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Abstract

Nitrogenated carbon nanotips (NCNTPs) are synthesized by plasma-enhanced hot filament chemical vapor deposition from the hydrogen, methane, and nitrogen gas mixtures with different flow rate ratios of hydrogen to nitrogen. The morphological, structural, compositional, and electron field emission (EFE) properties of the NCNTPs were investigated by field emissionscanning electron microscopy, Raman spectroscopy, x ray photoelectron spectroscopy, and EFE high-vacuum system. It is shown that the NCNTPs deposited at an intermediate flow rate ratio of hydrogen to nitrogen feature the best size/shape and pattern uniformity, the highest nanotip density, the highest nitrogen concentration, as well as the best electron field emission performance. Several factors that come into play along with the nitrogen incorporation, such as the combined effect of the plasma sputtering and etching, the transition of sp 3carbon clusters to sp 2carbon clusters, the increase of the size of the sp 2 clusters, as well as the reduction of the work function, have been examined to interpret these experimental findings. Our results are highly relevant to the development of the next generation electron field emitters, flat panel displays, atomic force microscope probes, and several other advanced applications.

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21 citations in Scopus
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14 citations in Web of Science®

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ID Code: 73619
Item Type: Journal Article
Refereed: Yes
DOI: 10.1063/1.3688252
ISSN: 0021-8979
Divisions: Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Science & Engineering Faculty
Deposited On: 09 Jul 2014 03:07
Last Modified: 10 Jul 2014 04:40

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