Made-to-order nanocarbons through deterministic plasma nanotechnology

Ren, Yuping, Xu, Shuyan, Rider, Amanda Evelyn, & Ostrikov, Kostya (2011) Made-to-order nanocarbons through deterministic plasma nanotechnology. Nanoscale, 3(2), pp. 731-740.

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Through a combinatorial approach involving experimental measurement and plasma modelling, it is shown that a high degree of control over diamond-like nanocarbon film sp3/sp2 ratio (and hence film properties) may be exercised, starting at the level of electrons (through modification of the plasma electron energy distribution function). Hydrogenated amorphous carbon nanoparticle films with high percentages of diamond-like bonds are grown using a middle-frequency (2 MHz) inductively coupled Ar + CH4 plasma. The sp3 fractions measured by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) and Raman spectroscopy in the thin films are explained qualitatively using sp3/sp2 ratios 1) derived from calculated sp3 and sp2 hybridized precursor species densities in a global plasma discharge model and 2) measured experimentally. It is shown that at high discharge power and lower CH4 concentrations, the sp3/sp2 fraction is higher. Our results suggest that a combination of predictive modeling and experimental studies is instrumental to achieve deterministically grown made-to-order diamond-like nanocarbons suitable for a variety of applications spanning from nano-magnetic resonance imaging to spin-flip quantum information devices. This deterministic approach can be extended to graphene, carbon nanotips, nanodiamond and other nanocarbon materials for a variety of applications

Impact and interest:

3 citations in Scopus
3 citations in Web of Science®
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ID Code: 73708
Item Type: Journal Article
Refereed: Yes
DOI: 10.1039/c0nr00718h
ISSN: 2040-3372
Divisions: Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Science & Engineering Faculty
Deposited On: 10 Jul 2014 01:19
Last Modified: 11 Jul 2014 00:36

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