Control of morphology and electrical properties of self-organized graphenes in a plasma

Seo, D.H., Kumar, S., & Ostrikov, K. (2011) Control of morphology and electrical properties of self-organized graphenes in a plasma. Carbon, 49(13), pp. 4331-4339.

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Abstract

The possibility of effective control of morphology and electrical properties of self-organized graphene structures on plasma-exposed Si surfaces is demonstrated. The structures are vertically standing nanosheets and can be grown without any catalyst and any external heating upon direct contact with high-density inductively coupled plasmas at surface temperatures not exceeding 673–723 K. Study of nucleation and growth dynamics revealed the possibility to switch-over between the two most common (turnstile- and maze-like) morphologies on the same substrates by a simple change of the plasma parameters. This change leads to the continuous or discontinuous native oxide layer that supports self-organized patterns of small carbon nanoparticles on which the structures nucleate. It is shown that by tailoring the nanoparticle arrangement one can create various three-dimensional architectures and networks of graphene nanosheet structures. We also demonstrate effective control of the degree of graphitization of the graphene nanosheet structures from the initial through the final growth stages. This makes it possible to tune the electrical resistivity properties of the produced three-dimensional patterns/networks from strongly dielectric to semiconducting. Our results contribute to enabling direct integration of graphene structures into presently dominant Si-based nanofabrication platform for next-generation nanoelectronic, sensor, biomedical, and optoelectronic components and nanodevices.

Impact and interest:

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54 citations in Web of Science®

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ID Code: 73710
Item Type: Journal Article
Refereed: Yes
DOI: 10.1016/j.carbon.2011.06.004
ISSN: 0008-6223
Divisions: Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Science & Engineering Faculty
Deposited On: 10 Jul 2014 01:25
Last Modified: 11 Jul 2014 00:48

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