Plasma-aided hydrogenation and Al-doping : increasing the conductivity and optical transparency of ZnO transparent conducting oxide

Ong, T., Xu, L., van der Laan, T.A., Xu, S., & Ostrikov, K. (2011) Plasma-aided hydrogenation and Al-doping : increasing the conductivity and optical transparency of ZnO transparent conducting oxide. Applied Surface Science, 257(23), pp. 9986-9990.

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Abstract

Plasma-assisted magnetron sputtering with varying ambient conditions has been utilised to deposit Al-doped ZnO (AZO) transparent conductive thin films directly onto a glass substrate at a low substrate temperature of 400 °C. The effects of hydrogen addition on electrical, optical and structural properties of the deposited AZO films have been investigated using X-ray diffractometry (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), Hall effect measurements and UV–vis optical transmission spectroscopy. The results indicate that hydrogen addition has a remarkable effect on the film transparency and conductivity with the greatest effects observed with a hydrogen flux of approximately 3 sccm. It has been demonstrated that the conductivity and the average transmittance in the visible range can increase simultaneously contrary to the effects observed by other authors. In addition, hydrogen incorporation further leads to the absorption edge shifting to a shorter wavelength due to the Burstein–Moss effect. These results are of particular relevance to the development of the next generation of optoelectronic and photovoltaic devices based on highly transparent conducting oxides with controllable electronic and optical properties.

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ID Code: 73718
Item Type: Journal Article
Refereed: Yes
DOI: 10.1016/j.apsusc.2011.06.121
ISSN: 0169-4332
Deposited On: 10 Jul 2014 02:21
Last Modified: 11 Jul 2014 01:09

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