Plasma nanofabrication and nanomaterials safety

Han, Z.J., Levchenko, I., Kumar, S., Yajadda, M.M.A., Yick, S., Seo, DH., Martin, P.J, Peel, S., Kuncic, Z., & Ostrikov, K. (2011) Plasma nanofabrication and nanomaterials safety. Journal of Physics D : Applied Physics, 44(17), pp. 174019-1.

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The fast advances in nanotechnology have raised increasing concerns related to the safety of nanomaterials when exposed to humans, animals and the environment. However, despite several years of research, the nanomaterials safety field is still in its infancy owing to the complexities of structural and surface properties of these nanomaterials and organism-specific responses to them. Recently, plasma-based technology has been demonstrated as a versatile and effective way for nanofabrication, yet its health and environment-benign nature has not been widely recognized. Here we address the environmental and occupational health and safety effects of various zero- and one-dimensional nanomaterials and elaborate the advantages of using plasmas as a safe nanofabrication tool. These advantages include but are not limited to the production of substrate-bound nanomaterials, the isolation of humans from harmful nanomaterials, and the effective reforming of toxic and flammable gases. It is concluded that plasma nanofabrication can minimize the hazards in the workplace and represents a safe way for future nanofabrication technologies.

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13 citations in Web of Science®

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ID Code: 73749
Item Type: Journal Article
Refereed: Yes
DOI: 10.1088/0022-3727/44/17/174019
ISSN: 1361-6463
Divisions: Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Science & Engineering Faculty
Deposited On: 10 Jul 2014 04:35
Last Modified: 11 Jul 2014 02:54

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