Plasma nanoscience : from controlled complexity to practical simplicity

Ostrikov, Kostya (2010) Plasma nanoscience : from controlled complexity to practical simplicity. Australian Physics, 47(5), pp. 114-118.

Abstract

Plasma Nanoscience is a multidisciplinary research field which aims to elucidate the specific roles, purposes, and benefits of the ionized gas environment in assembling and processing nanoscale objects in natural, laboratory and technological situations. Compared to neutral gas-based routes, in low-temperature weakly-ionized plasmas there is another level of complexity related to the necessity of creating and sustaining a suitable degree of ionization and a much larger number of species generated in the gas phase. The thinner the nanotubes, the stronger is the quantum confinement of electrons and more unique size-dependent quantum effects can emerge. Furthermore, due to a very high mobility of electrons, the surfaces are at a negative potential compared to the plasma bulk. Therefore, there are non-uniform electric fields within the plasma sheath. The electric field lines start in the plasma bulk and converge to the sharp tips of the developing one-dimensional nanostructures.

Impact and interest:

1 citations in Scopus
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ID Code: 73791
Item Type: Journal Article
Refereed: Yes
Additional URLs:
ISSN: 1036-3831
Divisions: Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Science & Engineering Faculty
Deposited On: 11 Jul 2014 03:20
Last Modified: 14 Jul 2014 00:18

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