Self-organized carbon connections between catalyst particles on a silicon surface exposed to atmospheric-pressure Ar + CH4 microplasmas

Levchenko, I., Ostrikov, K., Mariotti, D., & Švrček, V. (2009) Self-organized carbon connections between catalyst particles on a silicon surface exposed to atmospheric-pressure Ar + CH4 microplasmas. Carbon, 47(10), pp. 2379-2390.

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Ag nanoparticles and Fe-coated Si micrograins were separately deposited onto Si(1 0 0) surfaces and then exposed to an Ar + CH4 microplasma at atmospheric pressure. For the Ag nanoparticles, self-organized carbon nanowires, up to 400 nm in length were produced, whereas for the Fe-coated Si micrograins carbon connections with the length up to 100 μm were synthesized on the plasma-exposed surface area of about 0.5 mm2. The experiment has revealed that long carbon connections and short nanowires demonstrate quite similar behavior and structure. While most connections/nanowires tended to link the nearest particles, some wires were found to 'dissolve' into the substrate without terminating at the second particle. Both connections and nanowires are mostly linear, but long carbon connections can form kinks which were not observed in the carbon nanowire networks. A growth scenario explaining the carbon structure nucleation and growth is proposed. Multiscale numerical simulations reveal that the electric field pattern around the growing connections/nanowires strongly affects the surface diffusion of carbon adatoms, the main driving force for the observed self-organization in the system. The results suggest that the microplasma-generated surface charges can be used as effective controls for the self-organized formation of complex carbon-based nano-networks for integrated nanodevices.

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ID Code: 73821
Item Type: Journal Article
Refereed: Yes
Additional URLs:
DOI: 10.1016/j.carbon.2009.04.031
ISSN: 1873-3891
Divisions: Current > Schools > School of Chemistry, Physics & Mechanical Engineering
Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Science & Engineering Faculty
Copyright Owner: Copyright 2009 Pergamon
Deposited On: 13 Jul 2014 23:32
Last Modified: 15 Jul 2014 01:07

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