Plasma-assisted self-organized growth of uniform carbon nanocone arrays

Tsakadze, Z. L., Levchenko, I., Ostrikov, K., & Xu, S. (2007) Plasma-assisted self-organized growth of uniform carbon nanocone arrays. Carbon, 45(10), pp. 2022-2030.

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The self-organized growth of uniform carbon nanocone arrays using low-temperature non-equilibrium Ar + H 2 + CH 4 plasma-enhanced chemical vapor deposition (PECVD) is studied. The experiment shows that size-, shape-, and position-uniform carbon nanocone arrays can develop even from non-uniformly fragmented discontinuous nickel catalyst films. A three-stage scenario is proposed where the primary nanocones grow on large catalyst particles during the first stage, and the secondary nanocones are formed between the primary ones at the second stage. Finally, plasma-related effects lead to preferential growth of the secondary nanocones and eventually a uniform nanopattern is formed. This does not happen in a CVD process with the same gas feedstock and surface temperature. The proposed three-stage growth scenario is supported by the numerical experiment which generates nanocone arrays very similar to the experimentally synthesized nanopatterns. The self-organization process is explained in terms of re-distribution of surface and volumetric fluxes of plasma-generated species in a developing nanocone array. Our results suggest that plasma-related self-organization effects can significantly reduce the non-uniformity of carbon nanostructure arrays which commonly arises from imperfections in fragmented Ni-based catalyst films.

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97 citations in Scopus
95 citations in Web of Science®
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ID Code: 73822
Item Type: Journal Article
Refereed: Yes
Additional URLs:
DOI: 10.1016/j.carbon.2007.05.030
ISSN: 1873-3891
Divisions: Current > Schools > School of Chemistry, Physics & Mechanical Engineering
Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Science & Engineering Faculty
Copyright Owner: Copyright 2007 Pergamon
Deposited On: 13 Jul 2014 23:27
Last Modified: 15 Jul 2014 01:18

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