Magnetic-field-enhanced synthesis of single-wall carbon nanotubes in arc discharge
Keidar, M., Levchenko, I., Arbel, T., Alexander, M., Waas, A. M., & Ostrikov, K. (2008) Magnetic-field-enhanced synthesis of single-wall carbon nanotubes in arc discharge. Journal of Applied Physics, 103(9), 094318.
The ability to control the properties of single-wall nanotubes (SWNTs) produced in the arc discharge is important for many practical applications. Our experiments suggest that the length of SWNTs significantly increases (up to 4000 nm), along with the purity of the carbon deposit, when the magnetic field is applied to arc discharge. Scanning electron microscopy and transmission electron microscopy analyses have demonstrated that the carbon deposit produced in the magnetic-field-enhanced arc mainly consists of the isolated and bunched SWNTs. A model of a carbon nanotube interaction and growth in the thermal plasma was developed, which considers several important effects such as anode ablation that supplies the carbon plasma in an anodic arc discharge technique, and the momentum, charge, and energy transfer processes between nanotube and plasma. It is shown that the nanotube charge with respect to the plasma as well as nanotube length depend on plasma density and electric field in the interelectrode gap. For instance, nanotube charge changes from negative to positive value with an electron density decrease. The numerical simulations based on the Monte Carlo technique were performed, which explain an increase in the nanotubes produced in the magnetic-field-enhanced arc discharge. © 2008 American Institute of Physics.
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|Item Type:||Journal Article|
|Divisions:||Current > Schools > School of Chemistry, Physics & Mechanical Engineering
Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Science & Engineering Faculty
|Copyright Owner:||© 2008 American Institute of Physics|
|Deposited On:||15 Jul 2014 00:58|
|Last Modified:||16 Jul 2014 02:06|
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