Plasma-controlled metal catalyst saturation and the initial stage of carbon nanostructure array growth

Levchenko, I., Ostrikov, K., Mariotti, D., & Murphy, A. B. (2008) Plasma-controlled metal catalyst saturation and the initial stage of carbon nanostructure array growth. Journal of Applied Physics, 104(7), 073308-1.

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The kinetics of the nucleation and growth of carbon nanotube and nanocone arrays on Ni catalyst nanoparticles on a silicon surface exposed to a low-temperature plasma are investigated numerically, using a complex model that includes surface diffusion and ion motion equations. It is found that the degree of ionization of the carbon flux strongly affects the kinetics of nanotube and nanocone nucleation on partially saturated catalyst patterns. The use of highly ionized carbon flux allows formation of a nanotube array with a very narrow height distribution of half-width 7 nm. Similar results are obtained for carbon nanocone arrays, with an even narrower height distribution, using a highly ionized carbon flux. As the deposition time increases, nanostructure arrays develop without widening the height distribution when the flux ionization degree is high, in contrast to the fairly broad nanostructure height distributions obtained when the degree of ionization is low.

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9 citations in Scopus
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14 citations in Web of Science®

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27 since deposited on 14 Jul 2014
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ID Code: 73877
Item Type: Journal Article
Refereed: Yes
Additional URLs:
Keywords: nanoparticles, carbon, nanostructures, carbon nanotubes, nanopatterning
DOI: 10.1063/1.2996272
ISSN: 00218979
Divisions: Current > Schools > School of Chemistry, Physics & Mechanical Engineering
Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Science & Engineering Faculty
Copyright Owner: Copyright 2008 American Institute of Physics
Deposited On: 14 Jul 2014 23:15
Last Modified: 16 Jul 2014 01:57

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