Unconventional Ni–P alloy-catalyzed CVD of carbon coil-like micro- and nano-structures

Bi, Hui, Kou, Kai Chang, Ostrikov, Kostya, Yan, Lu-Ke, Zhang, Jiao Qiang, Ji, Tie Zheng, & Wang, Zhi Chao (2009) Unconventional Ni–P alloy-catalyzed CVD of carbon coil-like micro- and nano-structures. Materials Chemistry and Physics, 116(2-3), pp. 442-448.

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Conventional catalyzed thermal CVD of carbon microcoils commonly suffers from poor control of the coil shape and morphology and rarely reaches the nanoscale size range. This article reports on an unconventional Ni-P alloy-catalyzed, high-throughput, highly reproducible CVD of ultra-long carbon coil-like micro- and nano-structures using acetylene precursor at relatively low process temperatures. Helical carbon microcoils with consistently uniform, circular cross-sections and a high degree of crystallinity have been synthesized at 750 °C. A further reduction of the temperature to 650 °C led to the growth of ultra-long (up to several mm) wave-like carbon nanofibers made of two nanowires with the diameters in the 100-200 nm range. The results of the XRD and Raman analysis reveal that the nanofibers feature only a slightly more disordered structure compared to the microcoils. Our results suggest that morphology and structure of the carbon coil-like micro- and nano-structures can be tailored by the appropriate alloying of the catalyst and the choice of the CVD process parameters.

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5 citations in Scopus
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7 citations in Web of Science®

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ID Code: 73928
Item Type: Journal Article
Refereed: Yes
Additional URLs:
Keywords: Carbon, Catalyzed CVD, Microcoils, Nanofibers, Nanowires, Synthesis
DOI: 10.1016/j.matchemphys.2009.04.001
ISSN: 0254-0584
Divisions: Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Science & Engineering Faculty
Deposited On: 15 Jul 2014 01:45
Last Modified: 16 Jul 2014 00:35

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