Low-phosporous nickel-coated carbon microcoils : Controlling microstructure through an electroless plating process
Bi, H., Kou, K.C., Rider, A.E., Ostrikov, K., Wu, H.W., & Wang, Z.C. (2009) Low-phosporous nickel-coated carbon microcoils : Controlling microstructure through an electroless plating process. Applied Surface Science, 255(15), pp. 6888-6893.
Carbon microcoils (CMCs) have been coated with a nickel-phosphorus (Ni-P) film using an electroless plating process, with sodium hypophosphite as a reducing agent in an alkaline bath. CMC composites have potential applications as microwave absorption materials. The morphology, elemental composition and phases in the coating layer of the CMCs and Ni-coated CMCs were investigated by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), energy dispersive spectroscopy (EDS) and X-ray diffraction (XRD), respectively. The effects of process parameters such as pH, temperature and coating time of the plating bath on the phosphorus content and deposition rate of the electroless Ni-P coating were studied. The results revealed that a continuous, uniform and low-phosphorous nickel coating was deposited on the surface of the CMCs for 20 min at pH 9.0, plating bath temperature 70 °C. The as-deposited coatings with approximately 4.5 wt.% phosphorus were found to consist of a mix of nano- and microcrystalline phases. The mean particle size of Ni-P nanoparticles on the outer surface of the CMCs was around 11.9 nm. The deposition rate was found to moderately increase with increasing pH, whereas, the phosphorous content of the deposit exhibited a significant decrease. Moreover, the material of the coating underwent a phase transition between an amorphous and a crystalline structure. The thickness of the deposit and the deposition rate may be controlled through careful variation of the coating time and plating bath temperature.
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|Item Type:||Journal Article|
|Keywords:||Carbon microcoils, Chemical vapor deposition, Coating, Electroless plating, Microstructure|
|Divisions:||Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Science & Engineering Faculty|
|Deposited On:||15 Jul 2014 00:46|
|Last Modified:||16 Jul 2014 00:24|
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