Rapid, low-temperature synthesis of nc-Si in high-density, non-equilibrium plasmas : enabling nanocrystallinity at very low hydrogen dilution

Cheng, Qijin, Xu, Shuyan, & Ostrikov, Kostya (2009) Rapid, low-temperature synthesis of nc-Si in high-density, non-equilibrium plasmas : enabling nanocrystallinity at very low hydrogen dilution. Journal of Materials Chemistry, 19(29), pp. 5134-5140.

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Abstract

Nanocrystalline silicon thin films were deposited on single-crystal silicon and glass substrates simultaneously by inductively coupled plasma-assisted chemical vapor deposition from the reactive silane reactant gas diluted with hydrogen at a substrate temperature of 200 °C. The effect of hydrogen dilution ratio X (X is defined as the flow rate ratio of hydrogen to silane gas), ranging from 1 to 20, on the structural and optical properties of the deposited films, is extensively investigated by Raman spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction, Fourier transform infrared absorption spectroscopy, UV/VIS spectroscopy, and scanning electron microscopy. Our experimental results reveal that, with the increase of the hydrogen dilution ratio X, the deposition rate Rd and hydrogen content CH are reduced while the crystalline fraction Fc, mean grain size δ and optical bandgap ETauc are increased. In comparison with other plasma enhanced chemical vapor deposition methods of nanocrystalline silicon films where a very high hydrogen dilution ratio X is routinely required (e.g. X > 16), we have achieved nanocrystalline silicon films at a very low hydrogen dilution ratio of 1, featuring a high deposition rate of 1.57 nm/s, a high crystalline fraction of 67.1%, a very low hydrogen content of 4.4 at.%, an optical bandgap of 1.89 eV, and an almost vertically aligned columnar structure with a mean grain size of approximately 19 nm. We have also shown that a sufficient amount of atomic hydrogen on the growth surface essential for the formation of nanocrystalline silicon is obtained through highly-effective dissociation of silane and hydrogen molecules in the high-density inductively coupled plasmas. © 2009 The Royal Society of Chemistry.

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ID Code: 73931
Item Type: Journal Article
Refereed: Yes
Additional URLs:
DOI: 10.1039/b904227j
ISSN: 0959-9428
Divisions: Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Science & Engineering Faculty
Copyright Owner: Copyright 2009 Royal Society of Chemistry
Deposited On: 15 Jul 2014 01:22
Last Modified: 16 Jul 2014 00:08

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