Plasma heating effects in catalyzed growth of carbon nanofibres

Denysenko, I. & Ostrikov, K. (2009) Plasma heating effects in catalyzed growth of carbon nanofibres. Journal of Physics D : Applied Physics, 42(1), 015208-1.

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A theoretical model describing the plasma-assisted growth of carbon nanofibres (CNFs) that accounts for the nanostructure heating by ion and etching gas fluxes from the plasma is developed. Using the model, it is shown that fluxes from the plasma environment can substantially increase the temperature of the catalyst nanoparticle located on the top of the CNF with respect to the substrate temperature. The difference between the catalyst and the substrate temperatures depends on the substrate width, the length of the CNF, the neutral gas density and temperature as well as the densities of the ions and atoms of the etching gas. In addition to the heating of the nanostructure, the ions and etching gas atoms from the ionized gas environment also strongly affect the CNF growth rates. Due to ion bombardment, the CNF growth rates in plasma enhanced chemical vapour deposition may be much higher than the rates in similar neutral gas-based thermal processes. The CNF growth model, which accounts for the nanostructure heating by the plasma-generated species, provides the growth rates that are in better agreement with the available experimental data on CNF growth than the models in which the heating effects are ignored.

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25 citations in Scopus
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27 citations in Web of Science®

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ID Code: 73936
Item Type: Journal Article
Refereed: Yes
Additional URLs:
DOI: 10.1088/0022-3727/42/1/015208
ISSN: 0022-3727
Divisions: Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Science & Engineering Faculty
Deposited On: 15 Jul 2014 00:50
Last Modified: 15 Jul 2014 23:45

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