Ion-assisted functional monolayer coating of nanorod arrays in hydrogen plasmas

Tam, E., Levchenko, I., Ostrikov, K., Keidar, M., & Xu, S. (2007) Ion-assisted functional monolayer coating of nanorod arrays in hydrogen plasmas. Physics of Plasmas, 14(3), 033503-1.

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Uniformity of postprocessing of large-area, dense nanostructure arrays is currently one of the greatest challenges in nanoscience and nanofabrication. One of the major issues is to achieve a high level of control in specie fluxes to specific surface areas of the nanostructures. As suggested by the numerical experiments in this work, this goal can be achieved by manipulating microscopic ion fluxes by varying the plasma sheath and nanorod array parameters. The dynamics of ion-assisted deposition of functional monolayer coatings onto two-dimensional carbon nanorod arrays in a hydrogen plasma is simulated by using a multiscale hybrid numerical simulation. The numerical results show evidence of a strong correlation between the aspect ratios and nanopattern positioning of the nanorods, plasma sheath width, and densities and distributions of microscopic ion fluxes. When the spacing between the nanorods and/or their aspect ratios are larger, and/or the plasma sheath is wider, the density of microscopic ion current flowing to each of the individual nanorods increases, thus reducing the time required to apply a functional monolayer coating down to 11 s for a 7-μm-wide sheath, and to 5 s for a 50-μm-wide sheath. The computed monolayer coating development time is consistent with previous experimental reports on plasma-assisted functionalization of related carbon nanostructures [B. N. Khare et al., Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 5237 (2002)]. The results are generic in that they can be applied to a broader range of plasma-based processes and nanostructures, and contribute to the development of deterministic strategies of postprocessing and functionalization of various nanoarrays for nanoelectronic, biomedical, and other emerging applications.

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15 citations in Scopus
14 citations in Web of Science®
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ID Code: 74038
Item Type: Journal Article
Refereed: Yes
Additional URLs:
DOI: 10.1063/1.2480494
ISSN: 1070-664X
Divisions: Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Science & Engineering Faculty
Copyright Owner: Copyright 2007 American Institute of Physics
Deposited On: 16 Jul 2014 04:23
Last Modified: 22 Jun 2017 01:01

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