Ion-acoustic waves in a complex plasma with negative ions

Vladimirov, S.V., Ostrikov, K., Yu, M.Y., & Morfill, G.E. (2003) Ion-acoustic waves in a complex plasma with negative ions. In 2003 IEEE International Conference on Plasma Science, 2 - 5 June 2003, Jeju, South Korea.

Abstract

Negative ions and negatively charged micro- to nano-meter sized dust grains are ubiquitous in astrophysical as well as industrial processing plasmas. The negative ions can appear in electro-negative plasmas as a result of elementary processes such as dissociative or non-dissociative electron attachment to neutrals. They are usually rather small in number, and in general do not affect the overall plasma behavior. On the other hand, since the dust grains are almost always highly negative, even in small numbers they can take up a considerable proportion of the total negative charge in the system. The presence of dusts can affect the characteristics of most collective processes of the plasma since the charge balance in both the steady and dynamic states can be significantly altered. Another situation that often occurs is that the electron number density becomes small because of their absorption by the dust grains or the discharge walls. In this case the negative ions in the plasma can play a very important role. Here, a self-consistent theory of linear waves in complex laboratory plasmas containing dust grains and negative ions is presented. A comprehensive model for such plasmas including source and sink effects associated with the presence of dust grains and negative ions is introduced. The stationary state of the plasma as well as the dispersion and damping characteristics of the waves are investigated. All relevant processes, such as ionization, diffusion, electron attachment, negative-positive ion recombination, dust charge relaxation, and dissipation due to electron and ion elastic collisions with neutrals and dust particles, as well as charging collisions with the dusts, are taken into consideration.

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ID Code: 74182
Item Type: Conference Paper
Refereed: No
Additional URLs:
Divisions: Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Science & Engineering Faculty
Deposited On: 21 Jul 2014 03:09
Last Modified: 21 Jul 2014 03:10

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