Using patient specific finite element models to understand the biomechanics of paediatric spinal deformity surgery

Little, J. Paige (2014) Using patient specific finite element models to understand the biomechanics of paediatric spinal deformity surgery. In Humphrey, Jay D. & Ferguson, Stephen J. (Eds.) 7th World Congress of Biomechanics, 7-11 July 2014, John B. Hynes Veterans Memorial Convention Center, Boston, MA. (Unpublished)

Abstract

Adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) is a spinal deformity, which may require surgical correction by attaching rods to the patient’s spine using screws inserted into the vertebrae. Complication rates for deformity correction surgery are unacceptably high. Determining an achievable correction without overloading the adjacent spinal tissues or implants requires an understanding of the mechanical interaction between these components. We have developed novel patient specific modelling software to create individualized finite element models (FEM) representing the thoracolumbar spine and ribcage of scoliosis patients. We are using these models to better understand the biomechanics of spinal deformity correction.

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18 since deposited on 21 Jul 2014
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ID Code: 74208
Item Type: Conference Item (Presentation)
Refereed: Yes
Additional URLs:
Keywords: finite element model, adolescent idiopathic scoliosis, low dose computed tomography, spine deformity, thoracolumbar spine, patient specific finite element model, FE Spine
Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > ENGINEERING (090000) > BIOMEDICAL ENGINEERING (090300) > Biomechanical Engineering (090302)
Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES (110000) > CLINICAL SCIENCES (110300) > Orthopaedics (110314)
Divisions: Current > Schools > School of Chemistry, Physics & Mechanical Engineering
Current > Institutes > Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation
Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Science & Engineering Faculty
Copyright Owner: Copyright 2014 The Author
Deposited On: 21 Jul 2014 22:18
Last Modified: 24 Jul 2014 18:55

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