Impact of temperature on childhood pneumonia estimated from satellite remote sensing

Xu, Zhiwei, Liu, Yang, Ma, Zongwei, Li, Shenghui, Hu, Wenbiao, & Tong, Shilu (2014) Impact of temperature on childhood pneumonia estimated from satellite remote sensing. Environmental Research, 132, pp. 334-341.

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Abstract

The effect of temperature on childhood pneumonia in subtropical regions is largely unknown so far. This study examined the impact of temperature on childhood pneumonia in Brisbane, Australia. A quasi-Poisson generalized linear model combined with a distributed lag non linear model was used to quantify the main effect of temperature on emergency department visits (EDVs) for childhood pneumonia in Brisbane from 2001 to 2010. The model residuals were checked to identify added effects due to heat waves or cold spells. Both high and low temperatures were associated with an increase in EDVs for childhood pneumonia. Children aged 2–5 years, and female children were particularly vulnerable to the impacts of heat and cold, and Indigenous children were sensitive to heat. Heat waves and cold spells had significant added effects on childhood pneumonia, and the magnitude of these effects increased with intensity and duration. There were changes over time in both the main and added effects of temperature on childhood pneumonia. Children, especially those female and Indigenous, should be particularly protected from extreme temperatures. Future development of early warning systems should take the change over time in the impact of temperature on children’s health into account.

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6 citations in Scopus
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5 citations in Web of Science®

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ID Code: 74387
Item Type: Journal Article
Refereed: Yes
DOI: 10.1016/j.envres.2014.04.021
ISSN: 0013-9351
Divisions: Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Faculty of Health
Current > Schools > School of Public Health & Social Work
Copyright Owner: Copyright 2014 Elsevier
Copyright Statement: This is the author’s version of a work that was accepted for publication in Environmental Research. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version was subsequently published in Environmental Research, [VOL 132, (2014)] DOI: 10.1016/j.envres.2014.04.021
Deposited On: 24 Jul 2014 22:31
Last Modified: 16 Aug 2016 16:44

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