Temperature variability and childhood pneumonia : an ecological study

Xu, Zhiwei, Hu, Wenbiao, & Tong, Shilu (2014) Temperature variability and childhood pneumonia : an ecological study. Environmental Health, 13(51).

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Few data on the relationship between temperature variability and childhood pneumonia are available. This study attempted to fill this knowledge gap.


A quasi-Poisson generalized linear regression model combined with a distributed lag nonlinear model was used to quantify the impacts of diurnal temperature range (DTR) and temperature change between two neighbouring days (TCN) on emergency department visits (EDVs) for childhood pneumonia in Brisbane, from 2001 to 2010, after controlling for possible confounders.


An adverse impact of TCN on EDVs for childhood pneumonia was observed, and the magnitude of this impact increased from the first five years (2001–2005) to the second five years (2006–2010). Children aged 5–14 years, female children and Indigenous children were particularly vulnerable to TCN impact. However, there was no significant association between DTR and EDVs for childhood pneumonia.


As climate change progresses, the days with unstable weather pattern are likely to increase. Parents and caregivers of children should be aware of the high risk of pneumonia posed by big TCN and take precautionary measures to protect children, especially those with a history of respiratory diseases, from climate impacts.

Impact and interest:

11 citations in Scopus
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8 citations in Web of Science®

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ID Code: 74388
Item Type: Journal Article
Refereed: Yes
DOI: 10.1186/1476-069X-13-51
ISSN: 1476-069X
Divisions: Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Faculty of Health
Current > Schools > School of Public Health & Social Work
Copyright Owner: Copyright 2014 2014 Xu et al.; licensee BioMed Central Ltd.
Copyright Statement: This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly credited. The Creative Commons Public Domain Dedication waiver (http://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/) applies to the data made available in this article, unless otherwise stated.
Deposited On: 24 Jul 2014 22:47
Last Modified: 28 Jul 2014 20:03

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