Designing schools as effective 21st C learning spaces : a review

Cumming, J. Joy, Kimber, Kay, Maxwell, Graham, & Kimber, Megan (2013) Designing schools as effective 21st C learning spaces : a review. Griffith University, Mt Gravatt, QLD.

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Abstract

The Queensland Centre for Social Science Innovation was formed in 2012 to develop collaborations among the Queensland Government and five Queensland universities—The University of Queensland, Griffith University, Queensland University of Technology, James Cook University and Central Queensland University. Three priorities for initial projects were established by the Queensland Government with response by the participating universities. This project addressed the identified priority area: factors affecting educational achievement and investigation of the link between school design, refurbishment and educational outcomes. The proposal for this project indicated that a Review of research literature would be undertaken that linked school and classroom design with educational outcomes for learners in the 21st century. Further, research would be examined for impact of technology on staff and students, as well as learning spaces that addressed the diversity of student learners. Specific investigation of research on effective design to enhance learning outcomes for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander students was to be undertaken. The project therefore consists of a Review of research literature to provide an evidence base on the impact of school and classroom on educational outcomes. The original proposal indicated that indicators of successful school and classroom design would be student learning outcomes on a range of variables, with input, the specific architectural design elements. The review was undertaken during the period July 2012 to June 2013. A search was undertaken of journals, databases, and websources to identify relevant material. These were examined for evidence-based statements and design of learning spaces to enhance learning. The Review is comprehensive, and representative of issues raised in research, and conceptualisations and debates informing modern educational design. Initial findings indicated two key findings central to reading this Review. The first key finding is that the predominant focus of modern design of learning space is on process and the engagement of stakeholders. Schools are social institutions and development of a school as a learning space to suit 21st century learning needs necessarily involves the staff, students and other members of the community as key participants. The concept of social aspects of design is threaded throughout the Review. The second key finding is that little research explicitly examined the relationship between the design of learning spaces and educational outcomes. While some research does exist, the most explicitly-focused research uses narrow test-based achievement as the learning outcomes. These are not sympathetic to the overall framings of the research on 21st century learning, future schooling and the needs of the new generation of learners and society.

Impact and interest:

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ID Code: 74493
Item Type: Report
Refereed: No
Keywords: Learning spaces, Designing schools, Information and Communication Technology, Classroom spaces, 21st C
ISBN: 9781922216083
Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > EDUCATION (130000) > OTHER EDUCATION (139900) > Education not elsewhere classified (139999)
Divisions: Current > Schools > School of Cultural & Professional Learning
Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Faculty of Education
Funding:
  • QCSSI/ISSRQ0313
Copyright Owner: Copyright 2013 J.J. Cumming, K. Kimber, G. Maxwell, and M. Kimber
Copyright Statement:

Apart from fair dealing as permitted by the copyright law of your country, this work may be reproduced in whole or in part for non-profit educational use, provided correct attribution is given. Abstracting with credit is permitted. Other uses should be discussed with the copyright owner.

This research was supported by the Queensland Centre for Social Science Innovation (project number ISSRQ0313), with funding support from the Queensland Government, The University of Queensland, Central Queensland University, Griffith University, James Cook University,
and Queensland University of Technology.

Deposited On: 30 Jul 2014 22:42
Last Modified: 01 Aug 2014 00:19

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