Gentrification and the artistic dividend : the role of the arts in neighborhood change

Grodach, Carl, Foster, Nicole, & Murdoch, James (2014) Gentrification and the artistic dividend : the role of the arts in neighborhood change. Journal of the American Planning Association, 80(1), pp. 21-35.

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Abstract

Problem, research strategy, and findings: There is a conflict between recent creative placemaking policies intended to promote positive neighborhood development through the arts and the fact that the arts have long been cited as contributing to gentrification and the displacement of lower-income residents. Unfortunately, we do not have data to demonstrate widespread evidence of either outcome. We address the dearth of comprehensive research and inform neighborhood planning efforts by statistically testing how two different groups of arts activities—the fine arts and commercial arts industries—are associated with conditions indicative of revitalization and gentrification in 100 large U.S. metropolitan areas. We find that different arts activities are associated with different types and levels of neighborhood change. Commercial arts industries show the strongest association with gentrification in rapidly changing areas, while the fine arts are associated with stable, slow-growth neighborhoods.

Takeaway for practice: This research can help planners to more effectively incorporate the arts into neighborhood planning efforts and to anticipate the potential for different outcomes in their arts development strategies, including gentrification-related displacement.

Impact and interest:

3 citations in Scopus
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4 citations in Web of Science®

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ID Code: 74517
Item Type: Journal Article
Refereed: Yes
Additional Information: Published online: 08 Jul 2014
Keywords: arts, cultural industries, gentrification, neighborhood planning, revitalization
DOI: 10.1080/01944363.2014.928584
ISSN: 1939-0130
Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > BUILT ENVIRONMENT AND DESIGN (120000) > URBAN AND REGIONAL PLANNING (120500)
Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > BUILT ENVIRONMENT AND DESIGN (120000) > URBAN AND REGIONAL PLANNING (120500) > Community Planning (120501)
Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > BUILT ENVIRONMENT AND DESIGN (120000) > URBAN AND REGIONAL PLANNING (120500) > Urban Analysis and Development (120507)
Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > STUDIES IN HUMAN SOCIETY (160000) > POLICY AND ADMINISTRATION (160500) > Arts and Cultural Policy (160502)
Divisions: Current > Schools > School of Civil Engineering & Built Environment
Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Science & Engineering Faculty
Funding:
  • NEA/12- 3800-7004
Copyright Owner: Copyright 2014 American Planning Association, Chicago, IL.
Copyright Statement: This is an Accepted Manuscript of an article published by Taylor & Francis Group in Journal of the American Planning Association on 08 Jul 2014, available online at: http://www.tandfonline.com/10.1080/01944363.2014.928584
Deposited On: 30 Jul 2014 03:40
Last Modified: 14 Mar 2016 03:39

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