Linking impulse response functions to reaction time: Rod and cone reaction time data and a computational model

Cao, Dingcai, Zele, Andrew J., & Pokorny, Joel (2007) Linking impulse response functions to reaction time: Rod and cone reaction time data and a computational model. Vision Research, 47(8), pp. 1060-1074.

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Reaction times for incremental and decremental stimuli were measured at five suprathreshold contrasts for six retinal illuminance levels where rods alone (0.002–0.2 Trolands), rods and cones (2–20 Trolands) or cones alone (200 Trolands) mediated detection. A 4-primary photostimulator allowed independent control of rod or cone excitations. This is the first report of reaction times to isolated rod or cone stimuli at mesopic light levels under the same adaptation conditions. The main findings are: (1) For rods, responses to decrements were faster than increments, but cone reaction times were closely similar. (2) At light levels where both systems were functional, rod reaction times were 20 ms longer. The data were fitted with a computational model that incorporates rod and cone impulse response functions and a stimulus-dependent neural sensory component that triggers a motor response. Rod and cone impulse response functions were derived from published psychophysical two-pulse threshold data and temporal modulation transfer functions. The model fits were accomplished with a limited number of free parameters: two global parameters to estimate the irreducible minimum reaction time for each receptor type, and one local parameter for each reaction time versus contrast function. This is the first model to provide a neural basis for the variation in reaction time with retinal illuminance, stimulus contrast, stimulus polarity, and receptor class modulated.

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30 citations in Web of Science®

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ID Code: 7460
Item Type: Journal Article
Refereed: Yes
DOI: 10.1016/j.visres.2006.11.027
ISSN: 0042-6989
Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES (110000) > OPTOMETRY AND OPHTHALMOLOGY (111300)
Divisions: Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Faculty of Health
Copyright Owner: Copyright 2007 Elsevier
Deposited On: 08 May 2007 00:00
Last Modified: 12 Nov 2012 22:51

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