Effect of plasma environment on synthesis of vertically aligned carbon nanofibers in plasma-enhanced chemical vapor deposition

Denysenko, Igor, Ostrikov, Kostya, Azarenkov, Nikolay A., & Yu, Ming Y. (2012) Effect of plasma environment on synthesis of vertically aligned carbon nanofibers in plasma-enhanced chemical vapor deposition. In Hahn, Horst, Sidorenko, Anatoli, & Tiginyanu, Ion (Eds.) Nanoscale Phenomena : Fundamentals and Applications. Springer, pp. 103-110.

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We present a theoretical model describing a plasma-assisted growth of carbon nanofibers (CNFs), which involves two competing channels of carbon incorporation into stacked graphene sheets: via surface diffusion and through the bulk of the catalyst particle (on the top of the nanofiber), accounting for a range of ion- and radical-assisted processes on the catalyst surface. Using this model, it is found that at low surface temperatures, Ts, the CNF growth is indeed controlled by surface diffusion, thus quantifying the semiempirical conclusions of earlier experiments. On the other hand, both the surface and bulk diffusion channels provide a comparable supply of carbon atoms to the stacked graphene sheets at elevated synthesis temperatures. It is also shown that at low Ts, insufficient for effective catalytic precursor decomposition, the plasma ions play a key role in the production of carbon atoms on the catalyst surface. The model is used to compute the growth rates for the two extreme cases of thermal and plasma-enhanced chemical vapor deposition of CNFs. More importantly, these results quantify and explain a number of observations and semiempirical conclusions of earlier experiments.

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ID Code: 74666
Item Type: Book Chapter
DOI: 10.1007/978-3-642-00708-8_10
ISBN: 9783642007071
ISSN: 1434-4904
Divisions: Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Science & Engineering Faculty
Copyright Owner: Copyright 2009 Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg
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Deposited On: 04 Aug 2014 23:18
Last Modified: 22 Jun 2017 05:01

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