A comparative investigation of C6-C15 hydrocarbons emitted from a passenger car powered by unleaded petrol and 10% ethanol fuel
Ayoko, Godwin A., Lim, McKenzie, Ristovski, Zoran, Jayaratne, Rohan, Morawska, Lidia, King, Graham, & Christensen, Elizabeth (2011) A comparative investigation of C6-C15 hydrocarbons emitted from a passenger car powered by unleaded petrol and 10% ethanol fuel. In 20th International Clean Air and Environment Conference, 31 July - 2 August, 2011, Auckland, New Zealand. (Unpublished)
Twenty-three non-methane hydrocarbons were captured from the exhaust of a car operating on unleaded petrol (ULP) and 10% ethanol fuels at steady speed on a chassis dynamometer. The compounds were identified and quantified by GC/MS/FID and their emission concentrations at 60 km/h, 80km/h and idle speed were evaluated. The most abundant compounds in the exhaust included n-hexane, n-heptane, benzene, toluene, ethyl benzene, m- and p-xylenes, and methylcyclopentane. Because of the large number of compounds involved, no attempt was made to compare the emission concentrations of the compounds. Rather the sum of the emission concentrations for the suite of compounds identified was compared when the car was powered by ULP and 10% ethanol fuel. It was evident from the results that the emission concentrations and factors were generally higher with ULP than with 10% ethanol fuel. The total emission concentrations with the ULP fuel were 2.8, 4.2 and 2.6 times the corresponding values for the 10% ethanol fuel at 60km/h, 80km/h and idle speed, respectively. The implications of the results on the environment are discussed in the paper.
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