The validity and reliability of the Parent Fever Management Scale: A study from Palestine

Zyoud, Sa'ed H., Al-Jabi, Samah W., Nabulsi, Masa M., Tubaila, Mais F., Sweileh, Waleed M., Awang, Rahmat, & Walsh, Anne (2015) The validity and reliability of the Parent Fever Management Scale: A study from Palestine. Maternal Child Health Journal, 19(8), pp. 1890-1897.

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Parental fever phobia and overuse of antipyretics to control fever is increasing. Little is known about childhood fever management among Arab parents. No scales to measure parents’ fever management practices in Palestine are available.


The aims of this study were to translate and examine the psychometric properties of the Arabic version of the Parent Fever Management Scale (PFMS).


A standard “forward–backward” procedure was used to translate PFMS into Arabic language. It was then validated on a convenience sample of 402 parents between July and October 2012. Descriptive statistics were used, and instrument reliability was assessed for internal consistency using Cronbach's alpha coefficient. Validity was confirmed using convergent and known group validation.


Applying the recommended scoring method, the median (interquartile range) score of the PFMS was 26 (23-30). Acceptable internal consistency was found (Cronbach’s alpha = 0.733) and the test–retest reliability value was 0.92 (P < 0.001). The chi-squared (χ2) test showed a significant relationship between PFMS groups and frequent daily administration of antipyretic groups (χ2 = 52.86; P < 0.001). The PFMS sensitivity and specificity were 77.67% and 57.75%, respectively. The positive and negative predictive values were 67.89% and 32.11%, respectively.


The findings of this validation study indicate that the Arabic version of the PFMS is a reliable and valid measure which can be used as a useful tool for health professionals to identify parents’ fever management practices and thus provide targeted education to reduce the unnecessary burden of care they place on themselves when concerned for a febrile child.

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3 citations in Scopus
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2 citations in Web of Science®

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ID Code: 75053
Item Type: Journal Article
Refereed: Yes
Keywords: Fever, Antipyretics, Fever Management, Children, Parents, Reliability, Validity
DOI: 10.1007/s10995-014-1529-5
ISSN: 1573-6628
Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES (110000) > PUBLIC HEALTH AND HEALTH SERVICES (111700) > Community Child Health (111704)
Divisions: Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Faculty of Health
Current > Institutes > Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation
Current > Schools > School of Nursing
Copyright Owner: Copyright 2014 Springer Science+Business Media New York
Copyright Statement: The final publication is available at Springer via
Deposited On: 14 Aug 2014 22:35
Last Modified: 23 Jul 2015 05:10

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