Optimism : what it is and its relevance in the school context

Boman, Peter & Mergler, Amanda G. (2014) Optimism : what it is and its relevance in the school context. In Furlong, Michael J., Gilman, Rich, & Huebner, E. Scott (Eds.) Handbook of Positive Psychology in Schools [2nd edition]. Routledge, New York, USA, pp. 51-66.

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Abstract

"For myself, I am an optimist - it does not seem to be much use to be anything else". Winston Churchill

Optimism has its modern roots in philosophy dating back to the 17th century in the writings of philosophers such as Descartes and Voltaire (Domino & Conway, 2001). Previous to these philosophical writings, the concept of optimism was revealed in the teaching of many of the great spiritual traditions such as Buddhism and Christianity (Miller, Richards, & Keller, 2001). In the 20th century, optimism became defined in juxtaposition to pessimism, sometimes conceptualized as a bipolar unidimensional construct and by others as two related but separate constructs (Garber, 2000).

Contemporary models (Scheier & Carver, 1985; Seligman, 1991) have increasingly focused on distinguishing optimism-pessimism as a general dispositional orientation, as described by expectancy theory, and as an explanatory process, described by explanatory style theory.

Impact and interest:

1 citations in Web of Science®
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ID Code: 75089
Item Type: Book Chapter
Additional Information: Accepted copy attached - I think this is the last one before printing - Dr Peter Boman
Keywords: Positive Psychology, Optimism, Educational Psychology
ISBN: 9780415621861
Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > EDUCATION (130000) > SPECIALIST STUDIES IN EDUCATION (130300) > Specialist Studies in Education not elsewhere classified (130399)
Divisions: Current > Schools > School of Cultural & Professional Learning
Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Faculty of Education
Copyright Owner: Copyright 2014 Taylor & Francis.
Deposited On: 18 Aug 2014 03:28
Last Modified: 09 Oct 2015 15:14

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